Members of the Sikuliaq construction team will be there to answer questions about the vessel. Another workshop is being planned for February in Salt Lake City. The keel-laying for the ship was held last month at the shipyard in Marinette, WI. A keel-laying is a traditional milestone in the construction of a ship, and comparable to a ground-breaking for the construction of a building. Fairbanks, Alaska— Catherine Chambers, a doctoral student in the University of Alaska Fairbanks fisheries program, has received a Fulbright scholarship to study northern fishing communities and how they adapt to change.
Chambers will study in Iceland from September to May She will compare how people involved in fishing in both Kodiak and Iceland experience environmental, social, economic and political change. Chambers began her doctoral studies at UAF in as one of only four graduate fellows in the interdisciplinary Marine Ecosystem Sustainability in the Arctic and Subarctic program.
The Fulbright Program was founded by U. Senator J. William Fulbright in and is a highly competitive, merit-based grants program for international educational exchange. According to the Fulbright Program website, more Nobel laureates have received Fulbright awards than any other award program. The College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences conducts world-class marine and fisheries research, education and outreach across Alaska, the Arctic and Antarctic. The policy briefing component of the competition was added in so that students can gain a broader understanding of ocean science, law and public policy.
As part of the competition, the students identified potential stakeholders impacted by aquaculture and presented an analytical report on how congressional legislation on aquaculture would affect these stakeholders. The team interviewed UAF Marine Advisory Program agents, legislators, individuals from non-governmental organizations, and individuals involved in the aquaculture industry. The students also wrote recommendations on what they believed should be included in an aquaculture bill.
As first-place winners of the Tsunami Bowl, they received an all-expenses paid trip to the national competition in Galveston. The winners of the policy briefing section received a paid three-day trip to Washington and Oregon to meet with stakeholders involved in the West Coast shellfish industry.
The National Ocean Sciences Bowl was established in to encourage learning about the oceans and increase the teaching of ocean sciences in high schools. Fairbanks, Alaska— It took 26 years for marine invertebrates living on the Port Valdez seafloor to stabilize after Alaska's Great Earthquake of , according to a scientist at the University of Alaska Fairbanks.
Four decades of monitoring, including samples collected last year, have confirmed that the seafloor now resembles that of an undisturbed glacial fjord. The findings shed light on how long it takes for seafloor ecosystems to recover after earthquakes. The earthquake and resulting tsunami wreaked havoc on intertidal beaches and seafloor of Port Valdez, according to Feder, the leader of the biological component of the project from to Marine plants and animals on Port Valdez beaches were destroyed by the tsunami while the earthquake deposited massive amounts of sediment on the seafloor.
This caused the whole community of bottom-dwelling marine invertebrates-- such as sea worms, snails and clams-- to change. Some seafloor invertebrates usually found in glacial fjords like Port Valdez, such as the sea worms Terebellides stroemi and Galathowenia oculata , virtually disappeared. Other animals took advantage of the disturbance and colonized the area. One of those animals is a family of sea worms called Capitellidae. They became unusually dominant in the region for a few years.
According to Blanchard, Capitellidae are known for being highly opportunistic and tolerant of disturbance. The diversity and abundance of marine invertebrates in Port Valdez was highly variable from to compared to other glacial fjords, primarily as a result of the earthquake. Over time, the community of animals stabilized. Today, the balance of bottom-dwelling animals looks more like an undisturbed glacial fjord. Samples collected in marked the fourth decade of sampling in Port Valdez, making it one of the longest-running research projects at the UAF College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences.
The Port Valdez study resulted in numerous scientific publications, including three books, and provided research opportunities for more than 50 undergraduate and graduate students. The project began as an investigation of the Port Valdez ecosystem prior to the construction of the Port Valdez marine oil terminal. The study is multidisciplinary, with Blanchard currently leading the biological component.
An important part of the project includes looking at the potential effects on seafloor animals of wastewater and treated ballast water discharges at the terminal. David Shaw, professor emeritus at UAF, has been the leader of the hydrocarbon chemistry component of the project since Scientists say that effects on animals on intertidal beaches and the seafloor from wastewater discharged by the terminal have been minor.
More than 80 people attended the ceremony. Vera Alexander and Bob Elsner served as co-sponsors for the Sikuliaq, and their initials were welded into a steel plate that will be affixed to the Sikuliaq's keel for its working life. Both Alexander and Elsner have been involved with the planning and development of the ship for several decades. Other speakers will include a representative from the National Science Foundation and legislators from the region. A keel-laying ceremony is a traditional milestone in the construction of a ship.
Alexander and Elsner have been involved with the planning for the Sikuliaq for more than three decades. The launch of the ship is scheduled for mid and the ship will be ready for full science operations in Fairbanks, Alaska— For the first time, an ice-strengthened ship in the national research fleet will be dedicated for use by scientists to study the Arctic Ocean and its creatures. On April 6 at 7 p. The lecture is the third and final installment of the Anchorage portion of the Science for Alaska Lecture Series.
The Anchorage Museum will provide family-friendly activities beginning at 6 p. The event is free to the public. Castellini has served as interim dean since last June. Supporting research and professional service in fisheries and marine science across Alaska will be an integral part of his work for the school, he said. He has published more than scientific journal articles and book chapters, served on more than 40 graduate student committees and participated in more than 20 scientific field expeditions on land, sea and ice.
He has participated in many public outreach programs discussing climate change, the Arctic and Antarctic and how animals at those locations are critically dependent on sea ice. Castellini holds a doctorate in marine biology from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Brenner is advised by Alexandra de Oliveira. The Pacific Fisheries Technologists Conference provides a forum for fisheries technologists to broaden professional networks, discuss current issues, and exchange information on current research in seafood technology.
One of the awards was for excellence in physical sciences and mathematics. The second award was for excellence in earth sciences.
The book features two chapters written by CFOS scientists. NaGISA is a collaborative effort to inventory and monitor coastal biodiversity. The ArcOD project is an international effort to inventory biodiversity in the Arctic. Alaska Sea Grant Marine Advisory Program floats fishermen training program, seeks public, industry comment. This is the fifth year in a row that a Juneau high school team has won the Tsunami Bowl. The competition consists of two equally weighted parts: a quiz bowl academic competition designed to challenge students' knowledge of ocean sciences and a research project that has both written and public speaking components.
This year, the research project focused on human responses to oceanic events. The coach was Tim Lundt. The third-place team was from Cordova High School. Twenty teams from 15 high schools across Alaska, from Unalaska to Ketchikan, competed in the Tsunami Bowl. Fairbanks, Alaska— We learned today that Laura Fenton passed away this last weekend. Her "blue hair" period certainly was a remarkable event for her 50th birthday year and she was always ready to help us with the financial side of keeping up with work. We still have many of her bright pink sticky-notes and pink highlighter markups on documents from her office.
I was in the middle of many research projects when Laura started for us and she was there to help me and all the CFOS scientists work through our budgets. Our condolences to her family everywhere. From all of us and our memories of a wonderful person who was a part of our lives. Each seminar begins at noon, and is free and open to the public. Sheffield has been a marine mammal biologist with the Alaska Department of Fish and Game since , and has been assigned to the ADFG regional office in Nome for the past three years.
We are looking forward to her joining our team on Feb. Most recently, her work with Saint Lawrence Island residents documented the ongoing range extension of Steller sea lions into the Bering Strait, as well as the diet and feeding behavior of bowhead whales during the spring and late fall in the Bering Sea. Gay has the background and expertise to make sure the residents of the region are involved in the research and decision-making process in this important part of the state. Fairbanks, Alaska— www. Twenty teams from 15 high schools across Alaska, from Unalaska to Ketchikan, will compete in the Jeopardy-style quiz bowl.
The competition consists of two equally weighted parts: a tournament-style academic competition designed to challenge students' knowledge of ocean sciences; and a research project that has both written and public speaking components. Kevin was a master's degree student in biological oceanography and took his first classes with us in the fall of , and it was in that semester when I first met him. He wanted to work on how satellite derived sea surface temperatures varied in time and space in Prince William Sound and the Gulf of Alaska.
While he did not complete his degree with us, he stayed close to us both as a friend and in his work interests. Kevin came to us with a bachelor of arts in biology from Penn State and in one of his reference letters it was stated that: "Kevin is very friendly, cooperative and trustworthy. He is a good conversationalist and he is broadly educated. In his own application to us, Kevin wrote: "I am especially interested in high-latitude ocean circulation patterns and marginal ice zone air-sea-ice interactions and I would like to apply remote sensing as a research tool in studying these systems.
For the last many years, each and every time that I would notice the large antennae on the GI building being moved to better locate a satellite feed, I knew that Kevin was sitting at the controls driving that system CFOS students earned three out of the four awards. Mandy Keogh is a Ph.
Shiway Wang is also a Ph. Her advisor is Matthew Wooller. Her poster was on "Compound-specific stable isotope analyses of fatty acids in primary production from the Bering Sea: a foundation for food web biomarker studies. According to the Alaska SeaLife Center, Mathis earned the award for his work on carbon cycling and ocean acidification in northern waters.
He earned his Ph. Mathis says his research on ocean acidification will continue in the coming years. The awards were established to encourage and give recognition to outstanding achievements related to ocean sciences, education and resource management in Alaska. Award categories include marine research, lifetime achievement, stewardship and sustainability, ocean media and ocean literacy. Fairbanks, Alaska— Elizaveta Ershova, a Ph. The EOL Rubenstein Fellows Program provides partial stipend or salary support for early-career scientists to serve information about the organisms they study through the Encyclopedia of Life.
Ershova is one of sixteen fellows selected worldwide. Her advisor is Russell Hopcroft, professor of biological oceanography. Ershova works with the ecology of zooplankton communities in the Arctic. Ershova will work with Hopcroft to continue to expand information on arctic and subarctic zooplankton species. Because many of us are away from UAF at the moment, we have set up this webpage so that you can contribute your messages about Andrea here. When we return in January, we will let everyone know about further gatherings to remember Andrea. Andrea will be missed by all her friends and family.
She was so passionate about life and had such a creative mind unlike any other. The best memories I have with her are growing up at fish camp Igushik together. Andrea, Holly her sister , and I cousin were always attached at the hip. We built clubhouses, played cook, swam, fished, played on the beach, rode four-wheelers and so many other activities we have done together while in Igushik.
In Dillingham we built fort-cities, dog mushed and spent a lot of time playing at the "shop. Rest in peace my wonderful cousin, I love you always and you will always be in my heart. A member of a prominent local family, she was a lively resident of Dillingham. I worked with her briefly last summer and was pleased, even inspired, to learn she was pursuing a fisheries career.
It was fun to have a couple opportunities to encourage her and to discuss school and careers with her. I loved her energy and enthusiasm and had high hopes for her to have a successful fisheries career. It is some consolation to know that in her brief time, Andrea was busy making a positive impact to many of those around her.
My condolences to her extended family and her many friends. She was such a dynamo! Andrea Ruby joined the College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences in in her own quiet, unassuming way. Andrea understood quite well that the lifeblood of her community and the state was in its fisheries. She was determined to have an influence by attaining a graduate degree and using her skills in Dillingham to make a difference. Some students come to school with these sorts of lofty goals, only to abandon them for better-paying jobs elsewhere, or, perhaps, easier majors that do not require Calculus.
Andrea was also determined to learn the techniques and scientific basis of fisheries management — tools she could bring back to her community. One long day preparing seal teeth to send off to the lab for aging, her lab partner mentioned she was very skilled at cleaning the teeth. This is when she smiled and mentioned that at home she was known to be a great pukuk-er. Andrea was my niece and I'm still grieving her death. But I love to remember that despite the life-challenges she faced over the past few years, she hung in there and continued to pursue a degree in a field that she felt very passionate about.
Some of the early part of her educational efforts were via the Bristol Bay Campus. With that in mind I would offer the attached form for anyone that would like to donate to the future University of Alaska Fairbanks Bristol Bay Campus Sciences Center in her memory. I hope and I think she would also hope that the Center will make it possible for other resident students to also recognize their potential and their passion for science, wildlife, the environment and the Bristol Bay Region.
I wanted to share the forms with others that might be interested. Often, Andrea and I would meet one on one to spend extra time reviewing lecture material in preparation for exams. During these meetings, I came to know Andrea well enough to see her concern for her community and understand how that drove her dedication to her chosen field. We discussed the proposed Pebble Mine more than once, and she even pointed out a photograph of a relative in a related National Geographic article during one of our last meetings.
In studying ecology, we tried to relate concepts to fish and fisheries every chance we could, because she wanted to understand how to apply the knowledge to her future work. If we could not find a good aquatics application, then we would try thinking in terms of her hamster or her dog.
There were times in which we laughed, wishing we could just stay home all day, every day, and eat and sleep and wander the house as our pets did. But that was one quality I admired about Andrea. Not only was she eager to learn the material and perform her best on all assignments, but she did not give up when things got hard. If anything, she seemed to redouble her efforts when the stress increased, and this last semester was not easy for her.
That her efforts ended as they did was tragic, indeed, for I wanted nothing more than to see her graduate, return to Dillingham to help save the salmon, and write her children's books, as planned. Just when I was beginning to know and love her as a friend, she was gone, but I will ever be grateful for the time I had to spend with her. She was open, honest, warm-hearted, hard-working, conscientious of others, and determined to meet her goals.
Of a certainty, I will not be alone in missing her presence here at UAF.
The Lushootseed Peoples of Puget Sound Country
She was one to be appreciated and enjoyed, to say the least! Juneau, Alaska— Terrance Quinn, professor of fisheries at the UAF Juneau Center of the College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, was the co-author of a paper called "Relationship of farm salmon, sea lice, and wild salmon populations" published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on December 13, In the article, authors Gary Marty, Sonja Saksida and Quinn say that sea lice from farmed salmon were not the cause of the decline of wild pink salmon. Seward, Alaska— Despite a year warming trend, the last three years in the Bering Sea have been the coldest on record.
A University of Alaska Fairbanks scientist says that the cold temperatures have helped produce larger zooplankton in the Bering Sea, which may be changing the way Walleye pollock are feeding. He and his colleagues have been looking at how changes in temperature in the Bering Sea affect resident zooplankton, and in turn how those zooplankton shifts may affect the diet of Walleye pollock.
During colder years, like the last three, pollock tend to eat the larger zooplankton, like copepods and krill, which flourish in chillier temperatures. Young salmon and pollock seem to prefer to eat these amphipods over other, smaller zooplankton. In warmer years, which include the record-setting high temperatures of to , smaller zooplankton tend to thrive. According to Pinchuk and his colleagues, younger pollock tend to eat the smaller plankton, while larger pollock favor the larger plankton found in colder waters.
This causes younger pollock to start out doing well in warmer temperatures, but as the pollock grow bigger, they may not be able to find the larger zooplankton prey they need to produce enough fat for overwintering. Pinchuk conducted his research on board the U. He collected his zooplankton samples using multiple collecting nets. Although the last few years have been cold, scientists predict that the warming trend in the Bering Sea will continue. He gave a talk on "The roles of territoriality and detritus in wild juvenile Chinook salmon drift-feeding behavior". Jamie McKellar presented a poster called "Population structure and reproductive status of razor clams, Siliqua patula , in eastern Cook Inlet".
In addition to the scholarship funds, the award also covers the travel and meeting expenses for the recipient to attend the AFS Alaska meeting. CFOS graduate students presented 26 of the 98 talks given at the meeting, and 11 out of 30 posters. According to Trent Sutton, associate professor of fisheries and the interim academic fisheries director, there was a heavy CFOS presence at the meeting.
The Sound of Sonar and the Fury about Whale Strandings
Plenary speakers at the meeting included Gordon Kruse, professor of fisheries, and Keith Criddle, professor of fisheries and interim administrative director of the CFOS fisheries division. Sutton and Milo Adkison both presented posters. The chapter has more than members. They toured the building and spoke with faculty, staff and graduate students. Fisheries Division Interim Administrative Director Keith Criddle says that the visit went well and that Lena Point staff expressed their satisfaction with the new building and gratitude to the state for funding it.
Atkinson sent Botelho a letter in August with several development ideas for Lena Point. The National Ocean Service Diversity award recognizes Kasitsna Bay Laboratory staff for supporting a science literacy program that included Alaska Natives and women in coastal field science training and education. The laboratory also provides field science camps for K students from across Alaska, with an emphasis on students from small Alaska Native and Russian Old Believer communities.
In , the lab hosted 20 science camps with more than students. Seven of these camps were primarily focused on minority students. According to the National Ocean Service, this award recognizes employees who have made significant contributions to NOS programs and demonstrate exceptional and sustained effort toward the accomplishment of NOS missions.
Geagel was recognized for his exceptional contributions to facility operations and customer service over the past four years. Fairbanks, Alaska— The Census of Marine Life , a ten-year initiative to describe the distribution and diversity of ocean life, draws to a close today with a celebration, symposium and press conference in London. At the press conference , scientists revealed the results of the census, including the discovery of new species, new patterns of biodiversity and more. Both projects-- the Arctic Ocean Diversity project and the Natural Geography in Shore Areas project-- are dedicated to explaining the biodiversity of different areas in the world's ocean.
Between them, the projects identified dozens of new species and cataloged nearshore organisms at more than sites worldwide. The Arctic Ocean Diversity project, also called ArcOD, is an international effort to identify the number and variety of marine creatures living in the Arctic. The project looks at organisms that live in arctic sea ice, the water column and on the seafloor, from microscopic plankton to fishes and birds. Bodil Bluhm, associate professor of marine biology, Rolf Gradinger, associate professor of oceanography, and Russ Hopcroft, professor of oceanography, are leading the project.
The scientists are using historical data as well as new findings to create a broad inventory of arctic species. The project operates as an umbrella program under which independently funded arctic projects join together to compile a species database. Currently, the database contains , records. The database is available online through www. During their research, the scientists discovered 71 species that Bluhm says are new to science. They say the research is particularly important because the Arctic is showing the effects of climate change. Gradinger, Bluhm, Hopcroft and the ArcOD team of nearly scientists have published multiple book chapters, books and articles on arctic biodiversity.
The principal investigator is Katrin Iken, associate professor of marine biology and the co-principal investigator is Brenda Konar, a professor of marine biology. The project is managed by postdoctoral researcher Ann Knowlton and assisted by research technician Heloise Chenelot. NaGISA scientists developed standardized sampling techniques that have been used by a global network of scientists at more than sites along the shores of 28 countries.
The sites include rocky shore areas and seagrass beds in the intertidal zone out to a depth of 20 meters. To date, 54, entries have been contributed. Along with this database, many scientific and outreach publications have been produced using the NaGISA data. With more than 2, scientists from institutions, census leaders say that the Census of Marine Life is one of the largest scientific collaborations ever conducted. Sloan Foundation. Scientists from each of the projects will present at the census finale. Juneau, Alaska— A paper written by Jennifer Stahl while she was a graduate student working with advisor Gordon Kruse has been awarded the W.
The Institute announced the award at their annual meeting this month in Pittsburgh. The paper was called "Spatial and temporal variability in size of maturity of walleye pollock in the eastern Bering Sea" and was published in the Transactions of the American Fisheries Society volume , pp. Thompson Best Student Paper award is probably the most prestigious student award for our profession," said Kruse.
Her paper was selected from a highly competitive field of papers published by outstanding students from top fishery programs across North America," added Kruse. The W. Thompson Best Student Paper is awarded annually by the AIFRB to recognize excellence in research, as well as to encourage student professionalism in fisheries and aquatic sciences and publication of research results. The American Institute of Fishery Research Biologists is a professional organization established to promote conservation and proper utilization of fishery resources through the use of fishery and related sciences.
The role of the Institute is the professional development and performance of its members, and the recognition of their achievements. Southwest has set its sights on Alaska king crab. Fairbanks, Alaska— David Conover, director of the Division of Ocean Sciences at the National Science Foundation , will visit Alaska during the week of September 20 to present two seminars on the responses of fish populations to climate change and size-selective fishing practices.
The first seminar will be on Wednesday, September 22, at p. Conover will present a talk entitled "Countergradient variation: an evolutionary response to climate change. He is a world-renowned expert on the ecology of marine fishes and fisheries sciences. He has authored more than papers including many in leading journals such as Nature and Science.
Fairbanks, Alaska— A pair of autonomous underwater gliders recently tested in the waters of southeast Alaska just finished cruising the Chukchi Sea for the past month. Winsor and Tom Weingartner, professor of oceanography, are the principal investigators for the project. Two gliders were deployed a month ago from outside of Wainwright, on the northern coast of Alaska.
Both gliders have been recovered. Each glider is about five feet long and flies like an airplane through the water in an up-and-down motion. When the bladder expands, the glider moves toward the surface. When it contracts, it moves toward the seafloor. At the surface, the glider transmits data to scientists at UAF via satellite. Despite a series of challenges, including strong currents, closeness to sea ice and bad weather, Winsor says the gliders have collected vast amounts of data, including water temperature, salinity and the speed and direction of ocean currents.
He says the quantity of data gathered by the gliders is unprecedented. Fairbanks, Alaska— A University of Alaska Fairbanks fisheries scientist has teamed up with Alaska Power and Telephone to study how a new power-generating turbine affects fish in the Yukon River. So far, the news looks good for the fish.
Alaska Power and Telephone installed the in-stream river turbine near Eagle, Alaska, this summer. They are testing its effectiveness as a power source for the village. Graduate student Parker Bradley and research technician Mark Evans have been in Eagle conducting the fisheries research since May. The turbine is 16 feet wide and 8 feet tall. The turbine has four blades that spin at about 22 revolutions per minute.
The captured fish are identified, counted, measured and released alive back into the river. This information allows the scientists to determine the path downstream-migrating fish-- such as juvenile salmon-- take through the river channel. It also allows them to determine how many of the different fish species are in the channel and when they migrate. If a fish does pass through the turbine, Seitz and Bradley examine it for general health and indication of injury.
Seitz says that preliminary results show that very few fish are passing through the turbine and those that do are not showing any signs of injury. Castellini was a member of one of three panels that addressed issues concerning Alaska oil exploration and spill response in light of the drilling moratorium following the Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Horizon spill.
The Anchorage forum consisted of three panels. The first panel was made up of NGO and university experts, the second panel offered industry input and the third panel included opinions from political figures, including Sen. Murkowski and Sen. Castellini presented CFOS research on how an oil spill would be tracked and how to measure its impacts.
He focused on CFOS oceanographic current monitoring research by the Tom Weingartner team, the autonomous glider work by Peter Winsor and the environmental assessment work by a suite of CFOS biological oceanographers and marine biologists. In his final recommendations to Director Bromwich, Castellini noted that research on these issues should be driven more by scientific design than by the potential of future litigation against BOEM, that the agency has the opportunity to support long term monitoring that would aid "before and after" studies of ecosystems.
He also said that social studies on the impact of oil spills on communities, such as the work that the Marine Advisory Program conducts, should be enhanced. Download Castellini's presentation at here 2. Fairbanks, Alaska— The University of Alaska Fairbanks has created a new research center dedicated to studying ocean acidification in Alaska. Jeremy Mathis, assistant professor of chemical oceanography and an ocean acidification expert, will be the director of the center.
The ocean absorbs carbon dioxide from the air. As the ocean absorbs more carbon dioxide, seawater becomes more acidic. According to Mathis, ocean acidification is happening more rapidly, and more severely, in Alaska waters. According to Mathis, the research will focus on three areas: long-term monitoring and modeling, field observations in sensitive areas and the physiological responses of at-risk and commercially valuable marine organisms. The center will also serve as a central repository for information about ocean acidification in Alaska.
Mathis will work with state and federal officials to secure partial funding for the center. It is difficult to enumerate the many contributions Senator Stevens has made over the years to fisheries and fisheries science in Alaska. He was instrumental in creating and implementing legislation that ensured the sustainability of our marine resources, while also maximizing the economic benefit of our fisheries. Vera Alexander, dean emerita of CFOS , recalls that she had many positive interactions with Senator Stevens through the years.
He created an endowment for the North Pacific Research Board, which provides funding every year for marine science projects. His steadfast support for the proper management of our valuable marine resources helped ensure the robust fishery we have today.
archive – Sea Shepherd
From issues on streamlining permit processes for our research teams to supporting major funding initiatives, he was always there to listen and help. As a lifelong champion of Alaska and its vibrant fishing industry, Senator Stevens touched the lives of all Alaskans. Two of the scholarships will be for students in the College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences and the other two will be for those studying in other schools and departments at UAF.
According to the Crowley press release, the scholarships will be "geared toward advancing educational opportunities for students from rural communities where Crowley operates. The conference will include both oral and poster presentations on topics varying from plant and soil ecology to marine foodwebs. About scientists from around the world have registered for the conference. Kelley first came to Alaska in Kelley holds a bachelor's degree from Pennsylvania State University and a doctorate from the University of Nagoya in Japan.
His research over the years has focused on geophysics and geochemistry in the polar regions. His many projects include studies of trace metals, atmospheric gases and contaminants in marine environments, marine acoustics, environmental radioactivity and carbon dioxide exchange process research in the Arctic. He has authored or co-authored nearly publications. Since joining the faculty at the Institute of Marine Science in , Kelley has served in a variety of research and service roles.
Kelley's many awards include the prestigious Emil Usibelli Distinguished Service Award, which he received in In , the Arctic Division of the American Association for the Advancement of Science presented Kelley with an award for 50 years of advancing science in the far north. He is also an AAAS fellow. He has also developed a program to encourage Alaska Native undergraduates to pursue careers in science.
Kelley is currently working on expanding distance delivery opportunities for students interested in marine science. Kelley was granted emeritus status at the UAF commencement ceremony. At the ceremony, Chancellor Rogers said that Kelley "has dedicated much of his career to the education and mentoring of students" and that he has been "deeply involved in research and policy matters of particular interest to Alaska and the North. A retirement celebration will be held Tuesday, July 20, in room of the International Arctic Research Center, at p. An interview with John Kelley What first brought you to Alaska?
It was a micro-meteorological project, which means that we were looking at the transfer of mass and momentum in the climate near the ground, under Arctic conditions, and over sea ice. I met my wife on that first flight to Barrow. In , the airways up there were quite primitive compared to today. We hit it off, and corresponded for a while, and then eventually got married. What made you stay in Alaska? I wanted to start studying carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and oceans and land. That led to collaboration and the first carbon dioxide measurements at Point Barrow.
We had a station at Point Barrow from to What do you consider your greatest accomplishment? The project that was most pleasing to me and I would say my greatest accomplishment was the polar ice core drilling in Greenland. We drilled through the Greenland ice sheet to get a climate history from the present back to a couple of hundred thousands of years ago. It was called the GISP2 program. There was a competition between the Americans and the Europeans to get that ice core.
The Europeans were also drilling. They got started well before us. We had to institute new ideas. One idea was that we did not want to drill through that pristine environment using diesel fuel and perchlorethylene. We wanted to use a hydrocarbon that was safe, and we developed that here, and it turned out to be quite good. I guess you could say that fate intervened-- even though the rabbit had sprung ahead-- the rabbit being Europe-the tortoise won because the rabbit got stuck down the hole.
What have you enjoyed most about your time at UAF? It's always the people. I'm a people person and I enjoy working with all of them. I extend that to the whole University of Alaska. What will you do now that you are retired? One area I would like to pioneer is the distance delivery, of science courses, particularly marine science courses. At present, I'm well into my second year of working with the American Meteorological Society and teaching a fully online course on the oceans. It's the same course roughly as the MSL , although it is beefed up and instead of a hands-on lab we have a virtual lab.
Students can get practical experience with the computer end of oceanography.
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I'm now teaching this course three semesters a year. We will launch that in September Fairbanks, Alaska— After two years of design and development, oceanographers at the University of Alaska Fairbanks are installing a new alternative energy device along the arctic coast of Alaska. The device will provide power to scientific instruments in remote areas, where sources of electricity are often scarce.
The device, called a remote power module, is equipped with four wind turbines, a solar array and a backup generator. The wind and solar energy provide five days' worth of battery charge.
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If the batteries get low, the module recharges using a biodiesel generator. Scientists will install the module in Barrow this month and test it from July to November. It will power high-frequency radars that map sea surface currents along the coast of the Beaufort Sea.
The radars send signals over the water's surface, where they are reflected off the top of the waves. The radar signals are bounced back to the antennae and the data is transmitted to scientists in Fairbanks in real-time. The radars typically are powered by shore-based power sources, such as those available in homes or commercial buildings, he said.
The module weighs about pounds and is about 16 by 20 feet wide. A key design feature of the unit is that it breaks down into modular components weighing less than pounds each, so that two people can deploy, service or relocate the device. Photo of the remote power module by Hank Statscewich. Hollmen's research focuses on threatened eider populations in Alaska. She received her Ph. She will serve as the science director from August through October , when a permanent science director will be appointed. The new space includes the teaching lab, two research labs, an ichthyology specimen collection room, prep areas and cold and warm storage.
The teaching lab includes videoconferencing equipment so that students in other locations can participate in classes held in the lab. The research labs are equipped with a circulating water system that chills and filters water for holding live fish. One of the research labs has 24 tanks for fisheries experiments and the other has tanks for hatching and rearing fish.
Trent Sutton, associate professor of fisheries, says that the first organisms to arrive at the complex will be Chinook salmon eggs that will be hatched and reared in one of the research labs. Fairbanks, Alaska— Tracking fish across Alaska's vast continental shelves can present a challenge to any fisheries or marine scientist studying Alaska's seas.
Scientists at the University of Alaska Fairbanks have successfully tested a possible solution in the form of underwater gliders. Last month, Peter Winsor, associate professor of physical oceanography, and Andrew Seitz, assistant professor of fisheries, successfully tested the use of autonomous underwater vehicles, called gliders, for tracking tagged fish. Winsor and Seitz suspended acoustic tags, usually implanted in fish, at different depths along a buoy line near Juneau.
They then deployed two gliders fitted with an acoustic listening device to "hear" the signals from the tags. Winsor and Seitz say these are the first gliders to be deployed in Alaska with an acoustic monitoring device to track tagged fish. The gliders move at a speed of nearly one mile per hour and can operate for up to 3 months. According to Winsor, the gliders can cover thousands of miles of ocean.
At the surface, the glider transmits data, including its location and oceanographic readings, via satellite directly to scientists. Traditional methods of tracking tagged fish include using a ship equipped with an acoustic listening device, or by what scientists call a "listening line," which is a series of hydrophones attached to the seafloor.
They say the technology is ideal for Alaska waters because the gliders can cover large distances and are much less expensive than using a ship or sets of hydrophones. The gliders will be used next to gather oceanographic information in the Chukchi Sea. Carin Stephens, public information officer, or via e-mail at cbstephens alaska. Homer, Alaska— A group of Nanwalek middle school students recently participated in a biodiversity monitoring program along the southern shore of Kachemak Bay.
The students identified and inventoried marine invertebrates such as sea snails, crabs, sponges, urchins and macroalgae, such as kelp, that live in the intertidal region of the Nanwalek coast. The students will conduct the monitoring program every year. Fairbanks, Alaska— Humpback whitefish in the Chatanika River are recovering from a population crash in the s, according to a scientist at the University of Alaska Fairbanks.
In the early s, the Chatanika River supported a popular, sport spear fishery for humpback whitefish and least cisco. In , the fishery peaked when fishermen caught more than 25, fish during the fall spawning season. The Alaska Department of Fish and Game placed limits on the fishery but population studies showed that the high harvest rates were unsustainable. The fishery was closed from to , when it was reopened on a limited, personal use permit-only basis. The two-year studies began in They checked length, weight and age of the fish and compared those measurements to data collected before and after the fishery collapse.
Their population suffered the most when the fishery collapsed, Sutton said. The second study, led by Sutton's graduate student, Aaron Dupuis, looked at the humpback whitefish's movement patterns and spawning habitat use. Humpback whitefish historically spawned near the Elliott Highway bridge. In June , Dupuis collected and tagged 60 humpback whitefish in the lower Chatanika. He then used radio telemetry to track their movement. The population split into two groups: one group moved towards the Elliott Highway to spawn, and the second group stayed downriver. In , Dupuis tagged an additional fish in Minto Flats.
Of those, 61 went up the Chatanika River and split into two groups. One group went to the Elliott Highway bridge to spawn at their traditional spawning grounds. The second group stayed downriver. Using aerial surveys, Dupuis found them. Dupuis and Sutton say this is a previously unknown spawning area for humpback whitefish. Are the fish in the newly discovered spawning area genetically different from those that spawn in the Chatanika River?
A separate spawning stock could have implications for management of the subsistence, sport and personal use fisheries. Fish and Wildlife Service. Castellini will serve for up to one year, or until the new dean is selected. Castellini has been a faculty member at CFOS since His research focus is on marine mammal physiology. He has chaired or co-chaired 16 PhD or MS students, been a committee member on dozens of others and taught core classes in marine physiology to graduate students for 20 years. He has published more than scientific journals articles or book chapters and has participated in over 20 scientific field expeditions on land, sea and ice.
He serves on multiple scientific agency committees and journal editorial boards. Castellini says: "To new CFOS students, welcome to our program and I hope that your time with us will be both successful and enjoyable. To our current students, please continue with your hard work and I look forward to personally attending your graduation and defenses. To staff, I hope that your careers here at CFOS continue to succeed and I have enjoyed, and will continue to enjoy, working with all of you.
For faculty, here's to an exciting year of new classes, projects and ideas as we expand our teaching and research programs. Elizabeth Siddon, a Ph. D student, earned the best student oral presentation award for her talk titled, "Community-level response of ichthyoplankton to environmental variability in the eastern Bering Sea.
Fairbanks, Alaska— Scientists at the University of Alaska Fairbanks will spend two years studying declines and variability in Western Alaska king salmon runs thanks to a grant from the Pollock Conservation Cooperative Research Center. The project contains multiple components, all focused on the health and ecology of freshwater king salmon runs and how these factors affect annual returns.
One aspect will examine how king salmon grow during their freshwater phase and how growth affects survival to the age of reproduction. Although not harmful to humans, Ichthyophonus attacks the organs of the fish and causes reduced endurance and ability to spawn. Each year, the center awards grants to University of Alaska faculty members and other scientists to study North Pacific marine and coastal ecosystems, fisheries and marine mammals.
This year, the center requested that proposals address issues of salmon health, ecology and migration. Carin Stephens cbstephens alaska. He joined the UAF faculty as a research associate in and in accepted a position as an assistant professor in the Institute of Marine Science. State, national and international agencies and companies, along with scientists in a variety of disciplines, rely on his work to guide their own.
Weingartner and his students brings distinction to our program and the university. Each year, a committee that includes members from the faculty, the student body and a member of the UA Foundation Board of Trustees evaluates the nominees. Rhodes-Reese presented her research on how habitat and diet affects the color of hatchery-raised juvenile king crab. Sara Carroll presented a poster called "Declawed — Foraging records from stable isotope signatures within ice-seal claws.
Rhodes-Reese's abstract: Camouflage is an essential component to the cryptic behavior of juvenile red king crab Paralithodes camtschaticus. Since coloration is the key factor in camouflage, understanding the effects of diet and habitat on their coloration is vital. I took photographs and measured color values with image analysis software to determine color change over 26 days. The crabs that did not go through a molt cycle showed no significant color change, but the two that successfully completed the molt cycle showed color change, specifically in their RGB color values.
As claws grow continuously, the growth layers can capture dietary records for up to 10 years; thereafter the claws start to wear at the distal ends. This unique glimpse into the feeding history of individual pinnipeds can help document seasonal importance of prey and reveal key seasons or years such as unusual ice years that may have crucial impact on the individual. Long-term feeding data will give critical insight into the current status of ice seals against which to measure effects of climate change and alteration of habitat in the Bering, Beaufort, and Chukchi seas.
Claws were collected from bearded Erignathus barbatus and ringed seals Pusa hispida harvested for subsistence use in June and July of , , and in Barrow, Alaska. Analyses of stable nitrogen and carbon isotope ratios within these seal claw layers display times of migration and prey switching.
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In addition, development stages of juvenile seals can be differentiated, including in utero and lactation. Stable isotope analysis of seal claws will be incorporated into a more extensive study of trophic links between forage fishes, their prey, and ice seals within the Northeastern Chukchi Sea. Click here to view Carroll's poster. Three students received renewals of existing fellowships and three received new fellowships.
Renewed Fellowships: Christine Gleason , M. Fisheries Candidate: A molecular genetic analysis of chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta populations: mixed stock analysis and population structure Advisor: Anthony Gharrett Each fellow receives a stipend and paid tuition for the school year. The center was founded in by Elmer E. Rasmuson through an endowment to UAF. A second major endowment in support of the center was created through a bequest from Elmer E.
Fairbanks, Alaska— Read about the many achievements of our faculty, staff and students in the new newsletter. UA seeks state funding for marine extension in six coastal communities. The competition was held Feb. This year the research project focused on receding sea ice and Alaska's coasts. Brickey was voted most valuable player on the team. Friday, Feb. The signing ceremony will include a shipyard tour at 1 p. The ship, formerly known as the Alaska Region Research Vessel, will be a foot oceanographic research vessel. UAF announced the name of the new vessel this month.