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Aristotle was born circa B. Although Nicomachus died when Aristotle was just a young boy, Aristotle remained closely affiliated with and influenced by the Macedonian court for the rest of his life. Little is known about his mother, Phaestis; she is also believed to have died when Aristotle was young. When Aristotle turned 17, Proxenus sent him to Athens to pursue a higher education. At the time, Athens was considered the academic center of the universe.

Aristotle maintained a relationship with Greek philosopher Plato, himself a student of Socrates , and his academy for two decades. Plato died in B.

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Together, the couple had a daughter, Pythias, named after her mother. In B. Soon after, Aristotle embarked on a romance with a woman named Herpyllis, who hailed from his hometown of Stagira. They presume that he eventually freed and married her. Phillip and Alexander both held Aristotle in high esteem and ensured that the Macedonia court generously compensated him for his work.

On and off, Aristotle spent most of the remainder of his life working as a teacher, researcher and writer at the Lyceum in Athens until the death of his former student Alexander the Great. Art was also a popular area of interest.

The accidental friendships

Members of the Lyceum wrote up their findings in manuscripts. When Alexander the Great died suddenly in B. To avoid being prosecuted and executed, he left Athens and fled to Chalcis on the island of Euboea, where he would remain until his death a year later. Over time, they came to lay the foundation of more than seven centuries of philosophy. We strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us!

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Sign up for the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Socrates was a Greek philosopher and the main source of Western thought. Little is known of his life except what was recorded by his students, including Plato.

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Ancient Greek philosopher Plato founded the Academy and is the author of philosophical works of unparalleled influence in Western thought. Ancient Greek statesman Pericles, leader of Athens from — B.

Euripides was one of the great Athenian playwrights and poets of ancient Greece, known for the many tragedies he wrote, including Medea and The Bacchae. Although very little is known about the life of Greek poet Homer, credited with being the first to write down the epic stories of The Iliad and The Odyssey, the impact of his tales continue to reverberate through Western culture.

Aristotle’s Early Life

Although Hippocrates probably didn't write the famous oath that bears his name, it serves as foundation for the oath medical school graduates take at the start of their careers. Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist and religious philosopher who laid the foundation for the modern theory of probabilities. French philosopher Auguste Comte — greatly advanced the field of social science, giving it the name "sociology" and influenced many 19th-century social intellectuals.

Italian scientist and scholar Galileo made pioneering observations that laid the foundation for modern physics and astronomy.

Aristotle said there are three types of friendship, but only one we should strive for

Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, together with Socrates and Plato, laid much of the groundwork for western philosophy. Biography Newsletter. You will have your own view on the plausibility of that, but regardless, consider this: we knew the Earth was round long before we mastered space travel. In other words, you see different sets of stars in the night sky depending on where you are.

The sky over the northern hemisphere is not the same as the sky over the southern hemisphere. If the Earth was flat, then at any given time we would all see the same stars, and we don't. Another Greek thinker and mathematician, Eratosthenes, went further and managed to measure the Earth's circumference.

He discovered that at noon in one Egyptian city, the Sun was directly overhead, whereas in a different city the Sun did not rise quite so high. Eratosthenes knew the distance between the two cities, measured how high in the sky the Sun rose to in each at the same time, then did some trigonometry. His method was crude, but his answer was in the right ballpark. The fact that Earth is round has been common knowledge, at least among the educated and powerful, ever since.

Aristotle | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

More recently, people have gone all the way round the Earth. But long before Magellan, it was obvious to observant sailors that the Earth is round. If you sail towards something tall, like a mountain, you will see the top of it appearing over the horizon before the rest of it. Earth Menu. Share on Facebook. Share on Twitter.

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