Each voice is an imitation of the other, entering the piece with the same melody. A heterophonic texture is rare in Western music. In heterophony, there is only one melody, but different variations of it are being sung or played at the same time. Pergolesi, Stabat Mater in F minor , arranged by J. Skip to main content. Textures and Forms. Search for:.
Terms That Describe Texture Introduction In music, texture is how the melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic materials are combined in a composition, thus determining the overall quality of the sound in a piece. In musical terms, particularly in the fields of music history and music analysis, some common terms for different types of texture are: Monophonic Polyphonic Homophonic Homorhythmic Heterophonic We will focus on monophony, polyphony, and homophony in this course. Formal Terms There are many informal terms that can describe the texture of a piece of music thick, thin, bass-heavy, rhythmically complex, and so on , but the formal terms that are used to describe texture all describe the relationships of melodies and harmonies.
The Cossacks rebelled against the Polish kings in , seeking to establish their own country — a goal achieved only after the disintegration of the Soviet Union; the earlier rebellions were crushed, but unrest continued until the partitions of Poland at the end of the 18th century.
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One of the most talented Polish Renaissance composers ca. Zielenski probably refers to Antonio , the blind organist and composer who contributed to all genres of music in Spain. Adrian Willaert of Flanders was mostly active in Italy; he was one of the major and most influential composers of his time. Jean Mouton was a French composer specializing in the genre of the motet. Poet of the same name who lived about the same time and was secretary to Hetman Chodkiewicz of Lithuania.
Karol Chodkiewicz led Polish army in victorious battles against Sweden and Muscovy , killed while defending Poland from a Turkish invasion. Monografia Warszawa: Panstwowe Wyd.
Zygmunt August Sigismond II August , the last king of the Jagiellon dynasty, ruled Poland from to and was followed on the throne by the son of his sister and the king of Sweden. Sebastian of Felsztyn b. Marcin Leopolita d. During their rule Poland was repeatedly invaded by Sweden. Grzegorz Gerwazy Gorczycki b. He studied in Prague and Vienna and became one of the greatest composers of Polish Baroque.
See Grzegorz Gerwazy Gorczycki: Opera omnia, ed. Mrowiec, Monmenta Musicae in Polonia, ser. A See also A. Zygmunt M. Szweykowski Krakow: PWM, Pietro de Cortona, nickname of the Italian painter of frescoes and palace decorations, Pietro Berettini A more common translation of the title is Poverty made Happy. Jan Stefani , Polish composer, violinist and conductor with roots in Bohemia.
His only surviving opera, Cud mniemany [The Supposed Miracle], is considered to be the best Polish opera of the 18th century. This genealogy is possible for the French name of the dance itself, but not for its origins as a court procession. Note the same-gender couples in his description. Kazimierz Brodzinski , Polish poet and scholar who modelled his poetry on folk verse, wrote literary criticism and philosophical texts.
Author of almost 30 operas and melodramas.
- Music Glossary [abepivurev.tk Dorak].
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Fanny Elssler , dancer and one of the main primaballerinas of Romantic ballet. She performed on the main operatic stages of Europe and toured the U. Charles Philippe Lafont , French violinist, rival of and collaborator with Paganini, frequently toured Europe and composed display pieces for the violin. He composed over polonaises and popularized the genre. Feliks Janiewicz , Polish violinist virtuoso and composer who emigrated to England at the end of the 18th century.
Other faculty members unknown. Dedicatee of works by Beethoven and Mendelssohn. Composer of piano music in stile brillant. Franciszek Mirecki , composer, conductor and teacher; promoter of the classical style and Italian opera. Petersburg and in moved to Germany. In he lived in France, performed in Denmark, France, and England. Composed fantasies, potpourri and polonaises. Lvov who was an amateur composer. In he became director of the St. Petersburg music theatre. Mateusz was a cellist and director of the Russian Music Society and an owner of a Stradivari violin.
He lived in Paris and Vienna and on his estate in Kursk, studied composition and supported an orchestra. At the end of his life, he moved to St.
Petersburg where he participated in court life and had a musical salon. He composed a symphony, songs, an unfinished opera. The story has been discredited by French researchers in a series of articles published in Oskar Kolberg , music ethnographer and composer; of Swedish-German-French origins. Petersburg court, studied with Paganini, lived in Paris in and then toured Europe. After living in St. Petersburg he settled in Warsaw where in he founded the Music Institute. Marx in Berlin and Berlioz in Paris, teacher of Paderewski. Adam Munchheimer also spelled Minchejmer; , composer and conductor, studied with A.
Marx in Berlin; director of the Warsaw Opera and professor at the Music Institute, composer of numerous orchestral, chamber, vocal pieces and operas. Karol Mikuli , studied with Chopin in Ludwik Grossman , composer, teacher and owner of a piano store in Warsaw. Composed overtures based on literary themes King Lear after Shakespeare, Maria after Malczewski , chamber music, Polish dances, operas and operettas, and songs.
Gustaw Plater , composer, violinist and conductor, founder of an orchestra in Warsaw, composer of a violin concerto and fantasy, operas and songs. Zygmunt Noskowski He composed a symphonic opera Das Meer and other works. Also active as a pianist. Maurycy Moszkowski , composer and pianist of Polish-Jewish descent. Since lived in Paris, in joined the Berlin Academy. Composed symphonic poems, concerti for piano and for violin, music for solo piano.
Alexander Martin , composer and viola player in the orchestra of Teatr Wielki in Warsaw. Composed overtures for orchestra, chamber music, operas, and songs to texts from Byron, Mickiewicz, Walter Scott, etc. Active in Germany and the U. He toured Europe and the U. Tadeusz Joteyko , composer and teacher, studied with Gevaert in Brussels and with Noskowski in Warsaw.
Worked as a cellist, conductor, teacher. Composed symphony, suites, chamber music, numerous miniatures for piano mazurkas, suites, sonatines, etc. Composer of Polish-themed orchestral and vocal music. Studied with Noskowski and Leschetitzky.
Conductor of the Warsaw Philharmonic and opera orchestras; director of the Warsaw Conservatory. Studied with Auer and Liadov in Petersburg. Worked in St. Petersburg, Odessa, and Warsaw where he co-founded the Philharmonic with guest tours in Europe. Under his baton, the opera in Warsaw staged major works of the repertoire.
Composed symphonies, violin concerti, chamber music, operas based on Sienkiewicz and songs.
Roman Statkowski , composer and teacher, studied in Warsaw and St. Professor of the Warsaw Conservatory and author of orchestral, chamber music, works for solo piano and operas, including Maria based on Malczewski. Composed a symphony, piano fantasy with orchestra, piano sonatas, chamber music, and character pieces for piano. Polyphonic language is known for its contrast of melodies. In other words, polyphony is an ensemble of melodies. The form is seamless, creating an impression of perpetual motion.
It's also multifaceted. It's known for an innermost thought and intellectual, spiritual and philosophic content. Sorrow and contemplation are well conveyed using this style while spontaneity is not. Polyphonic musical speech is always a well-thought expression. These are noble qualities - the fruit of high-cultured musical speech. Heterophony - a combination of monodic and polyphonic languages. Harmony - melody with accompaniment.