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After this, Sparta dominated for a period, before hegemony shifted to Thebes and the Boeotian League.

Also of interest

The final phase was dominated by the League of Corinth led by Macedon. Classical Greek art is exemplified by the colossal chryselephantine sculpture of Athena Parthenos created by Phidias BCE , as well as a wide range of other bronze and marble statues including: Charioteer of Delphi ; Discobolus by Myron active ; Doryphorus by Polykleitos active ; Aphrodite Venus Genetrix 5th Century by Callimachus active ; Aphrodite of Knidos by Praxiteles active ; The Farnese Hercules by Lysippos ; and Apollo Belvedere by Leochares active Greek Sculpture: Early Classical c.

In the West, for instance, Roman art was mostly based on Greek models, while in the East, the conquests of Alexander the Great led to centuries of Greek influence over Levantine, Central Asian and Indian cultures, resulting in forms of Greco-Buddhist art, with knock-on effects as far as Japan.

While the period is often considered to be inferior to the brilliance of the Greek Classical era, Hellenism introduced a new, often edgy expressionism: see, for instance, the Pergamene School of Hellenistic Sculpture BCE. Greek Hellenistic art is exemplified by statues like the Venus de Milo c. Covering the entire era of Imperial Rome, it witnessed the imposition of the Pax Romana and the glorification of Rome, through the manufacture of tens of thousands of portrait busts of Roman emperors and other dignitaries. In addition, it is well represented by narrative Roman relief sculpture , such as the carvings on: the Ara Pacis Augustae "Altar of Augustan Peace" , Rome c.

Christian Period The final period of Classical Antiquity covers the period of Christianization up until the death of Anthemius , the last Roman Emperor in the West ruled to After the fall of Rome, Ravenna became the new Western capital of the Roman Empire, although the Empire itself was in terminal decline, as its frontiers were progressively overrun by Barbarians.

Early antiquity

In fact the continent of Europe would shortly experience four centuries of cultural stagnation in the period known as the Dark Ages. Cultural highlights of the Christian Period of Classical Antiquity include the glorious Ravenna Mosaics from , as well as architectural masterpieces such as the Basilica of San Vitale, Ravenna c.

All rights reserved. Art of Classical Antiquity c. Introduction Perhaps you have seen photographs of the Parthenon temple on the Acropolis at Athens, or seen some of the Greek sculpture in the Louvre.

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Definition In fine art , the term " Antiquity " refers to the distant past, meaning the period between about 4, BCE the beginnings of Western civilization and about CE the beginning of the Middle Ages. Presentation One of the main objectives of this conference is to implement the need to use, from a critical perspective, all types of sources available to approach the study of so-called "barbarian societies", without prioritizing one kind or another type of record, particularly when it is studied the complex question of socio-political identities.

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