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The project aims to build a bridge between computer science and qualitatively conducted linguistics. While much work in computational linguistics seeks to find ways to automatize the analysis of meaning and thus to obliterate the necessity of a human observer, we think that much is to be gained from integrating qualitative semantic analyses into computational work.

The extraction of information from social media is an enterprise that holds an immense potential with regard to practical applications. However, this enterprise is unlikely to be successful if it is approached from a single disciplinary perspective. Linguists commonly lack the computational expertise to make their qualitative analyses scalable to the volumes of "big data".

Computational scientists have that expertise, but are usually not trained in the qualitative analysis of meaning. We see fine-grained, qualitatively enriched sentiment analysis as a research problem that requires real interdisciplinary cooperation among humanists and scientists. The current project will study restaurant reviews and will build upon earlier work, which summarized product reviews in terms of central features of the reviewed products or used a lexicon of positive and negative words to improve the effectiveness of product feature extraction.

Diese "Anleitung" zu einem der ersten wissenschaftlichen Instrumente hat im Jahrhundert einige Aufmerksamkeit erhalten. Es interessant zu sehen, wie im dunkelsten Mittelalter die Naturwissenschaft und die Vernunft im arabischen Raum hochgehalten wurden. Alle Weltenreise-Abende sind filmisch dokumentiert:. Die Herausforderung mit Dozierenden aus beiden Wissenschaftswelten zusammenzuarbeiten und gemeinsam einen Abend zu bestreiten ist gross. Dezember im Schauspielhaus Basel und als Wiederholung am 9.

Dezember in Liestal statt. Dieser beinhaltet ca. Die Ausgestaltung des Schweizer Kernenergierechts hat sich in seiner noch jungen Geschichte bereits mehrfach stark gewandelt. Die rechtswissenschaftliche Erschliessung dieses Sachgebiets war bescheiden. Eine umfassende aktuelle juristische Arbeit zum Kernenergierecht liegt nicht vor. Eine vertiefte Auseinandersetzung mit den wichtigsten Elementen des Schweizer Kernenergierechts unter Einbezug technischer und internationaler Entwicklungen sowie rechtsvergleichender Aspekte ist angezeigt.

Entsprechend der Ausbildung des Gesuchstellers sind die formulierten Ziele juristischer Natur. Ein intensiver Dialog mit Vertretern der Exakten und Naturwissenschaften sowie der Risikoforschung ist geplant. Das Publikum soll Gelegenheit haben, Neues zu erfahren, aber ebenso gut unterhalten zu werden. Es soll Wissenschaft zum Anfassen und zum Staunen erleben. Die cogito foundation hat die Finanzierung von 9 der 24 vorgeschlagenen Projekten im Umfang von Fr.

Dabei werden die Inhalte nicht nur von einer Jury, sondern auch von den Lehrern gegenseitig bewertet. Neben dem internationalen Wettbewerb gibt es hier - wie auch bei den Wissenschafts-Olympiaden oder dem Young Physicists Tournament - nationale Vorausscheidungen. Ein solcher Anlass ist sicher sinnvoll, gerade im Hinblick auf die Ausbildung an der Sekundarschule. Alle 10 Projekte und Experimente werden an der nationalen Vorentscheidung am Der Verein lebt von viel Enthusiasmus und Fronarbeit.

Juni Link zum Tagungsprogramm vom Samstag, Im Zentrum steht die Frage, unter welchen Bedingungen aus naturwissenschaftlichen, d. Geplant sind Publikationen in wichtigen englischsprachigen Zeitschriften.

Der Projektbeginn wurde auf August verschoben. In dieser Zeit hat Euler auch den Drehimpulssatz in seiner allgemeinen Form formuliert. Dies ist von grosser, wissenschaftshistorischer Bedeutung. Sowohl die wissenschaftshistorische als auch die wissenschaftsphilosophische Arbeit kann nur mit einem mathematisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Hintergrund erarbeitet werden.

In diesem Zusammenhang ist es sicher interessant, die Defizite an Kants Erkenntnistheorie aufzuzeigen. In einem nachfolgenden Schritt sollen die mumifizierten Gewebereste naturwissenschaftlich untersucht werden. Das Projekt bringt Wissenschaftler verschiedenster Disziplinen und Nationen zusammen. Mit der internationalen Konferenz sollen Forscherinnen und Forscher aus naturwissenschaftlichen und geisteswissenschaftlichen Disziplinen zusammengebracht werden. Die Referierenden sind international renommierte Forschende aus Europa und China.

Die cogito foundation finanziert die Kosten der Chinesischen Teilnehmer. Zum Dazu wird am Obwohl Werners Theorie bahnbrechend war, waren seine Experimente einfach und die experimentellen Anforderungen bescheiden. Zum Ende der Ausstellung wird am Damit geht es klar um den Austausch zwischen Exakten- und Sozialwissenschaften.

Die Tagung findet vom Zudem ist die Tagung eine Plattform, die neusten Entwicklungen verschiedenster Disziplinen vorzustellen. Experimental philosophy is a recent trend in philosophy that aims at enriching the philosopher's toolbox by approaching traditional philosophical questions with methods coming from cognitive sciences. Our aim here is to apply this new methodological approach to the field of aesthetics. Although the thread of a "genetically engineered future" has become a frequent subject of philosophical debates, the meaning of the words "cloning", "DNA", "genome" is still unclear for a majority of non-scientists.

This project is a practical tentative to use a contemporary music creation to bridge this gap. It is articulated around the creation of a string quartet to illustrate the complexity of human genetic information, which will be composed by Olivier Calmel, a young French composer. The concert will be preceded by a conference by Professor Amos Bairoch, an outstanding scientist expert in human genes and proteins, and followed by a round table, where musicians and scientists will share their experience with the public. The quartet will be played a second time on June 30th in an auditorium of the University of Geneva to a public exclusively composed of scientists.

Through a questionnaire, we will get feedback from all the actors of the project and the audience. Answers should allow to adjust and generalize the concept of using contemporary music for scientific popularization purposes. The music scores of the musical piece created in the frame of this project will be published, and can be re-used for other scientific or cultural events.

In this project we now intend to correlate these anthropological investigations to biomedical research by focusing on the Maya diagnosis and treatment of chronic, pervasive, non-infectious diseases and cancer. With support from the Cancer Institute of Guatemala INCAN and other local partners, patients being treated by Maya doctors will be brought for determining the equivalent disease in modern biomedicine, later following a thorough documentation and reconstruction of their particular treatment regimes in Maya medicine.

We follow a transdisciplinary process to facilitate putting into relation modern biomedical analysis and maya traditional medical explanations and applications. The concept of "embodied cognition" — that our mental faculties are partly determined by the form of the human body — is becoming increasingly popular in the work of philosophers, psychologists, cognitive scientists, and artificial intelligence researchers. In the proposed project we will use questionnaires, behavioural tools and neuroimaging to investigate the neural correlates underlying altered cognition in individuals with one hand.

The project will study two populations with a unilateral hand-absence: individuals with congenital developmental deficiencies and acquired amputees i. We will first focus on numerical cognition as a key example of the potential relationship between the body and cognition: using a behavioural paradigm, we will attempt to identify the importance of intact hand representation, during the course of childhood and adulthood, on numerical cognition.

Using steady state functional MRI we will also study changes in the neural architecture underlying a range of cognitive functions in individuals with an absent hand, compared with controls. We will attempt to associate these functional changes with distorted embodiment associated with handloss, such as the phenomenology of phantom sensations. The results are expected to advance the understanding of the relationship between embodiment and cognition, with broad potential impact on multiple subdisciplines of the cognitive sciences, and may also bear impact on the rehabilitation of individuals after traumatic loss of a hand.

Many human emotions are associated with specific physical actions e. Humans have a tendency to "copy" physical actions that they observe. This copying can be explicit or remain at the level of cortical activity in a simplified sense, the brain "thinks" about the physical action but does not execute it. The applicants suggest that because of the strong association of some physical actions with a given emotion, the simple act of copying or thinking about these physical actions can induce the associated emotion in us, and thus would allow us to better interpret "feel" the emotions of the person that we are copying from.

The applicant team includes several groups in Bologna and in Rome with both experimental neuroscientists and social psychologists with a track record of research in this interesting area in cognitive neuroscience. Er unterrichtet vor allem Doktorierende in Wissenschaftskommunikation. Zunehmend wird aber auch Internet genutzt. Das Buch richtet sich ausschliesslich an Wissenschaftler und kann somit seine Kosten nicht einspielen.

Neben den vielen Kunstmuseen mit hervorragenden Kunstsammlungen befindet sich in Winterthur auch das Technorama, das einzige Science Center der Schweiz. Im Rahmen des "Kulturherbst Winterthur " will das Technorama zeigen, dass Kunst und Wissenschaft viel mehr gemeinsam haben, als die vorherrschende Meinung wahrhaben will. Sie werden in diesem Projekt entlang von Themen gruppiert, die in den Wissenschaften wie auch in der Kunst verwendet werden: Licht und Schatten, Perspektive, Chaos und Struktur und weitere mehr.

Sie lassen uns innehalten und die Welt mit anderen Augen sehen. Erwartet werden an den 3 Tagen 8'' Besucher. Mit interaktiven Demonstrationen und Experimenten wird der Wald in seinen verschiedensten Facetten beleuchtet: als Wasserreservoir, Rohstofflieferant, Naturschutzelement.

Auch das Thema "Wald und Energie" wird thematisiert. In Zusammenarbeit mit der Eidg. Zudem werden der Wald als Erlebniswelt sowie "Wald und Psyche" beleuchtet. Zur Ausstellung wird eine Sonderbeilage im Landboten erarbeitet, die in 90' Haushalten verteilt wird. Es impliziert eine Ich-Wahrnehmung, die keineswegs trivial ist. Oder einfach "Ich"? Was aber ist "Raum"?

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Er kann in diesem Zusammenhang nur als Lieferant von Empfindungen verstanden werden: visuelle, taktile, akustische, thermische, vielleicht olfaktorische. Alles, was ein Raum an Signalen aussendet, beeinflusst die Ich-Wahrnehmung. In the fall semester of the project applicants organize a series of events at the zoological museum of the University of Zurich.

The talks cover a wide range of topics connected with evolutionary questions, especially aimed at members of the social sciences and the humanities. Renowned speakers will introduce their topic in a short presentation, followed by a discussion moderated by the applicants and a dinner.

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The topics covered by the speakers will deal with all aspects of evolution and they will point out specific issues of relevance to the social sciences and the humanities. The participants for these events will be selected from the Graduate Campus of the University of Zurich as well as from direct contacts with the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences.

Monday, November 4th, "Evolutionary Psychology" Dr. Gillian Brown, University of St. Andrews, School of Psychology and Neuroscience. Die Gesuchsteller organisieren vom 5. Vom Was bedeutet Gesundheit, wann sind wir gesund? Wohin entwickelt sich die Medizin? Wie halten wir uns geistig fit? Und wie gesund ist unsere Umwelt oder unser Finanzsystem?

Das Symposium "Rhythmanalysis" wird vom Referierende aus Natur- und Geisteswissenschaften werden die bereits bestehenden oder anvisierten Anwendungsgebiete der Nanotechnologie in der Medizin z. Es werden ca. Die Tagung steht aber auch Studierenden und Doktorierenden sowie interessierten Fachpersonen offen. Die erste internationale Wissenschafts-Olympiade fand in Mathematik statt. Es ist ein Grossanlass mit einem Budget von Fr. Sie findet vom Juli in Bern statt. Der Gesuchsteller sieht in dieser "Neurotechnologie" die erste verbreitete Gehirn-Computer Schnittstelle.

Damit wird erkenntnistheoretisches und kognitionswissenschaftliches Neuland betreten. Die Schnittstelle zwischen Hirn und Computer ist ein anspruchsvolles Problem. Miyazaki's Herangehensweise ist der Rheinberger'sche Ansatz der historischen Epistemologie, welche die historische Dynamik der Experimentalsysteme zu rekonstruieren versucht. Als Resultat dieser Forschung ist keine "aha! In der Zwischen- Finanzierungsperiode sollen die Daten der Bildanalysen ausgewertet und die entsprechenden Publikationen verfasst werden. Das methodische Vorgehen besteht aus:. Nicht nur der Beobachtungsort und die grosse Datendichte, sondern auch der Zeitraum machen diese Aufzeichnungen besonders wertvoll.

Diese Phase ist einer der Tiefpunkte der Kleinen Eiszeit. Das Projekt ist also klimahistorisch wichtig. Christian Rohr, Nachfolger von Prof. Christian Pfister mit ihrer grossen klimahistorischen Datenbank "Euroclimhist" ist an der Integration der Klimadaten sehr interessiert und beherbergt deshalb das Projekt. Bandes die Struktur des Projektes festgelegt und sichtbar gemacht werden kann. Gesamtziel ist es, diese nicht leicht lesbare Handschrift des The goal of this research project was to answer the question: does poverty have particular psychological, economic-choice, and neurobiological consequences?

For instance, in the psychological domain, does poverty lead to lower optimism, higher stress, or lower self-esteem? In economic choice, does poverty lead to more impatience, higher risk aversion, or less altruism? And neurobiologically, does poverty lead to higher levels of stress markers such as cortisol and pro-inflammatory cytokines? To answer these questions both laboratory experiments as well as field studies have been combined.

The studies take place both in developed countries Switzerland as well as developing countries Kenya , with respondents who have experienced extreme poverty. State-of-the-art methods from several fields — behavioral economics, psychology, development economics, and neuroscience are used. Additionally, an outstanding group of collaborators provide expertise from immunology, anthropology, and psychiatry.

Study 1: "Poverty" in the lab: impact on psychological welfare and economic choice In this experiment, we ask whether poverty has psychological consequences in a laboratory setting. We develop a laboratory paradigm for "poverty" and test to what extent this experimental manipulation affects psychological outcome variables, neurobiological markers of stress, and economic choice. Subjects perform an effort task, from which they can earn income. To mimic two important aspects of poverty, different groups of subjects start the experiment with different initial endowments; in addition, after a certain number of periods, subsets of participants receive exogenous positive or negative income shocks.

We then ask whether these manipulations — i. We hypothesize that being "poor" relative to others or relative to one's own income history will be associated with higher stress and more short-sighted time preferences. A total of subjects have participated in this experiment, and our results show that subjects who receive the negative income shock display increased levels of present bias , suggesting that one's own income level has adverse effects on subjective wellbeing and decision-making, and that therefore poverty may causally lead to stress and short-sighted choices.

Study 2: Increasing poverty in the field: causal impact of a natural experiment on psychological welfare and economic choice This study investigates the psychological, neurobiological and economic choice consequences of an exogenous increase in poverty. To this end, we take advantage of two unique natural experiments in Kenya. We hypothesize that larger negative income shocks lead to higher levels of stress and more short-sighted decision-making. If we obtain this finding, it would confirm the results and generalize them a from the lab to the field, b from a developed to a developing country.

The proportion of livestock lost by each household is not predicted by any observable variables — in particular, rich households could not protect themselves from the loss of livestock. This makes the loss of livestock a random negative income shock to households, and thus it can be used to identify a causal effect of an increase in poverty on cortisol levels. We studied the causal effect of shocks on levels of the stress hormone cortisol a year later, and found that baseline cortisol is significantly higher in families who lost more livestock than others.

In the second study, we use rainfall variation as an exogenous source of income variation and focused on Kianyaga, a farming district populated by the Kikuyu where agriculture is the main source of income, and periods of no rain pose significant economic challenges for households. To ask if the absence of rain raises levels of stress hormones, we combine high resolution infrared satellite imagery measuring rainfall with GPS location data for each household, and salivary samples to assay cortisol.

Our findings show that periods of no rain lead to significant increases in salivary cortisol, with a lag of 10 days. Thus, exogenous increases in poverty lead to increases in salivary cortisol, establishing a causal link between poverty and stress hormones. Study 3: Reducing poverty in the field: causal impact of unconditional cash transfers on psychological welfare and economic choice and Study 4: Reducing poverty in the field: causal impact of insurance provision on psychological welfare and economic choice These studies address the converse question: what are the psychological, neuroscientific and economic choice consequences of an exogenous decrease in poverty?

We study this question using two randomized controlled trials in Kenya: we implement an exogenous poverty decrease through either randomly assigned Unconditional Cash Transfers UCT , or randomly assigned provision of health insurance, to poor families in Kenya. We are interested in the welfare impact of these rather novel development measures, both in terms of classical socio-economic outcome variables standardly used in RCTs, as well as the novel psychological, neurobiological and economic-choice variables.

In particular, we hypothesize that receiving cash transfer or insurance will lead to decreased levels of stress and more farsighted decision-making. Both the UCT and insurance studies are now ongoing in Kenya. This project was financed for 3 consecutive years after annual reports showed that the project is progressing successfully.

The project Theoretical Psychology is concerned with explaining and predicting basic and abstract mental phenomena in a unified theoretical framework. As such it is aimed at identifying cognitive structures, elements, and processes that fundamentally underlie perception and high-order conception. In general, a truly cooperative spirit that systematically brings together work from experimental cognitive approaches "hard science" and non experimental cognitive approaches "soft science" is lacking in cognitive science. To bring together such sometimes so-called "hard" and "soft" sciences is also one of the main aims of the cogito foundation.

This project is committed to demonstrating that such a synergy in cognitive science is one possible way of how we can significantly deepen and broaden our understanding of the human mind. Dieser ist seither erfolgreich mit verschiedenen Themen unterwegs. Welt-Parkinson-Tag in Brig am April Parkinson ist eines der Themen im Brain Bus. Mehr als 15' Menschen in der Schweiz leiden an der neurodegenerativen Erkrankung. Bei Parkinson kommt es zum fortschreitenden Untergang von Nervenzellen im zentralen Nervensystem. Die Hirnverletztenorganisation Fragile Suisse informiert am April und 4.

Mai in Luzern und am Juni in Aarau. Volkskrankheit Depression: Wie kann Burnout verhindert werden? Aktuelle Befunde zeigen, dass z. Am Mittwoch, Um Uhr wird Dr. The Exhibition will highlight different aspects of fear:. The exhibition explicitly aims to look at the theme of fear from various scientific angles, including neuroscience, physiology, zoology, genetics, sociology, history and psychiatry.

Total Funds granted from the cogito foundation are CHF 20' Die Konferenz beginnt am September mit einem cogito foundation Symposium: "Stress, science, and society". Zusammen mit Doktoranden und Postdoktoranden werden Teilnehmer erwartet. Der dritte schweizerische Lateintag findet am Samstag, November von bis 19 Uhr in Brugg statt. August, was die Wissenschaft bewegt. Die Brainfair findet vom Die cogito foundation finanziert Fr.

September 5 and 6, the international Symposium takes place at the University Zurich. There is a widespread conviction in historical research that the notion of "laws of nature" is of Greek origin. However, this assumption can be falsified empirically by looking into the traditions of the ancient Near East and the Bible: The use of legal language to describe astronomical phenomena has an important prehistory in Mesopotamian astronomy. Although no explicit and exact Akkadian or Hebrew counterpart to the term "laws of nature" can be found, the notion of a legal metaphor for cosmic phenomena is clearly present.

Perhaps the most striking find is the use of identical terms in the ancient Near Eastern formulation of most omina on the one hand and legal regulations in law books on the other. As a matter of fact, there are even some texts in ancient Near Eastern literature that explicitly present the legal arrangement of the cosmos, notably the heavenly order. Mesopotamian astronomy and cosmology were certainly known and influential in ancient Israel and Judah, especially after the Babylonian Exile — where the deported Judahite priestly intelligentsia came into contact with ancient Mesopotamian science.

The symposium will strive to elucidate the various legal interpretations of cosmic phenomena in the ancient world and their subsequent intellectual history. Wright Brandeis. Eigentlich ist es ein Medizinethnologisches Projekt, das zeigt, dass Mayas nicht in Denkschemen eingebunden sind. In den ersten 9 Monaten ist es gelungen, bereits rund 50 Interviews abzuschliessen. Zehn dieser Interviews liegen inzwischen auf Spanisch vor.

Vor einem Jahr wurde dieses Projekt bewilligt siehe Projekte Es ist ein Musterbeispiel der Zusammenarbeit von Geistes- und Naturwissenschaften. In den dreiviertel Jahren wurden bereits beachtliche Ergebnisse erzielt. Dazu wurden gegen - in neubabylonischen Quellen dokumentierte - Mond- und Sonnenfinsternisse analysiert.

Es wurden aber auch Diskrepanzen aufgedeckt, die auf Fehler in der Aufzeichnung oder auf einer Falschinterpretation der Datierung beruhen. Um diese zu korrigieren, muss der ganze Text neu analysiert und interpretiert werden, eine Art Hermeneutik, die Frau Gautschy beherrscht.

Dieses Gesuch ist im Zusammenhang mit der seit Jahren andauernden Edition der Briefwechsel der Mathematiker Bernoulli zu sehen, die der Gesuchsteller seit wissenschaftlich begleitet hat. Kaspar von Greyerz, Basel, vor. Jahrhundert und damit zur Wissenschafts- und Kulturgeschichte der Schweiz. Sie ist politisch und konfessionell neutral. Dort soll diskutiert werden.

Dort soll diskutiert werden, wie und ob sich Sprachenvielfalt auf den wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisprozess auswirkt. April das Symposium "Social decision making: bridging economics and biology"statt. Hier liegt die Hauptstossrichtung der Veranstaltung. It will be held for the 2nd time in Switzerland at the Boldern Conference Centre, from July 5 — 10, The Summer School is designed to benefit both research students and more experienced researchers who are considering conducting research in the field of humour and laughter.


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Twentytwo lectures and four workshops are offered over the course of six days. The teaching faculty comprises eleven speakers, allowing greater diversity in the topics covered. The participants represent many different cultures, ranging from, as far south as Australia to as north as Finland, and from Russia to United States of America, with many countries in between. Meet the Lecturer sessions are offered daily so participants can have discussion hopefully optimising their experience by allowing one to one conversations.

The cogito foundation covers the travelling costs of Professors Rod R. Martin, University of Western Ontario Fr. The 7th Conference on Applications of Social Network Analysis ASNA has the goal to assess the state of the field and discuss current developments and innovations in social network research.

However, submissions on theoretical and methodological issues are also welcome. There are no limitations with respect of scientific disciplines and research questions. However, contributors are especially encouraged to address the conference topic of "dynamics of social networks". Social network analysis SNA suggests broadening the focus from individual actors to a set of actors and the relations among them.

In recent years increasing awareness arises that "the context" also includes a temporal dimension. Hence, it is of interest whether and how the structure of a network is dependent on previous structures or which future dynamics can be assumed to happen based on a given network. Also most cross sectional research include implicit assumptions about dynamic processes of networks. The cogito foundation finances the travel costs of Professor Thomas W. Diese auf den ersten Blick abenteuerliche Aussage wurde in den letzten 2 Jahren untersucht.

Digitale Informationstechnologien wurden auf ihre "Algorhythmik" hin "belauscht. Aufbauend auf diesem Begriff sollen die historischen, technischen und erkenntnistheoretischen Grundlagen, die Handhabung, Wirkung und das Erleben digitaler Informationstechnologien besser verstanden werden.

Cancer has an evolutionary legacy that goes back to the age before the human species. The first scientific classification was provided in the industrial emergent society by Percivel Pott and others. A cellular view on cancer was opened by Virchow , considered the father of cellular pathology. Today science focuses mostly on understanding mutant genes and molecular processes related to cancer cells.

The goal of this project is to develop a systemic description and analysis of human cancer and the immune system which allows to describe and to relate a the current scientific approaches to cancer and the immune system and b the indigenous Mayan concept of cancer. The project takes an epistemological perspective and provides a better understanding of various processes involved in different types of cancer treatments.

A key part of the project consists of in depth interviews and workshops with the wisdom keepers of six ethno-linguistic groups to facilitate a comprehensive representation of Maya epistemology. One outcome of the project is the documentation of this knowledge in a book. The project also reviews the cellular and molecular processes involved in immune and cancer defense activities according to modern scientific research Cohen, Matzinger, etc , which will be reconsidered from the Human Environment System HES framework perspective.

The two theoretical reconstructions should serve to i identify commonalities and differences between the 'current scientific' and the Mayan reconstruction of cancer processes, ii integrate, systematize and document the historically fragmented knowledge of Maya Elders in both the mental-cognitive spiritual and physiological perspective, and iii design a potential field study to evaluate the effectiveness of Mayan cancer treatment in a long-term survey.

Es werden Anwendungen der astronomischen Chronologie im Bereich der Altertumswissenschaften untersucht. Jahrtausend v. The personality of an individual predicts its behavior in specific situations, and this behavioral response differs consistently between individuals. Personality has been studied by psychologists for more than a century, with the surprising result that under natural conditions humans show low consistency in behavior, such that for example in schools they may be punctual, whereas in private life they are not.

In biology, personality research only emerged over the last 10 years. This is surprising, as anybody living with animals knows that specific dogs or cats will behave predictably in specific situations and differ in their behavior from other animals of the same species. Personality research in the field of animal behavior is so far restricted to artificial conditions in field arenas, while — in contrast to psychology — no studies were done under natural conditions. Furthermore, even though the evolution of personality has been regarded as one of the most demanding challenges in the study of animal behavior, few long-term field studies exist.

We want to study personality traits in the field in African striped mice Rhabdomys pumilio , a species that is known for high social flexibility. In this research project we will test:. We want to bring together knowledge from psychology and biology to understand the trait variable "personality". It is time for zoologists to take into account results from psychology, and for psychologists to learn about animal personalities. Clearly, seeing "personality" as a trait that is widespread in the animal kingdom as a result of natural selection could open new avenues of research for psychologists to understand human "personalities", while zoologists have to study personality under natural conditions as is done in psychology.

Dabei wird den beiden Begriffen eine eingehende Untersuchung in den Natur- und den Computerwissenschaften gewidmet. Dies zeigt ihre Verbindung zu den grossen Themen der Mathematik- und Philosophiegeschichte auf, wie etwa zu Leibniz' Theorie der Infinitesimalrechnung oder zu Hilberts Programm zur Grundlegung der Mathematik. Damit im Eifer der Diskussion die sachliche Korrektheit nicht auf der Strecke bleibt, werden Experten mit einbezogen. Auf der projekteigenen Website www.

Insbesondere soll versucht werden, individuelle und kollektive Umweltrisiken sowie deren Unsicherheiten besser verstehen zu lernen. Um globale Risiken, wie z. Die Tagung ist in 4 Haupt-Themenkreise aufgeteilt, die in parallelen Workshops bearbeitet werden.

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Dezember der Frage: Hat der Humanismus eine Zukunft? Das Symposium ging der Frage nach, inwiefern der Begriff angesichts heutiger Herausforderungen durch den technologischen Fortschritt in Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft noch als Leitbegriff dienen kann. The international Society for Literature, Science and the Arts SLSA welcomes colleagues in the sciences, engineering, technology, computer science, medicine, the social sciences, the humanities, the arts, and independent scholars and artists. This transformed world is highly textured, partly through verbal and non-verbal "texts" but also by mixtures of human-made and given environments whose complexity offers resistance to symbolic readings.

Keynote lectures, roundtables and paper sessions as well as a bioart workshop and exhibitions will focus on the following issues: materiality and textuality, networks and sustainability, tissue cultures, architextures, art as research. What is the nature of scientific knowledge? Is scientific knowledge discovered or constructed? How are we to account for the truth or validity of scientific knowledge? For a long time, these questions were the domain of the philosophy of science. Yet, in the s and s historians and sociologists of science began to address these questions in novel ways.

The aim was to study scientific and mathematical knowledge not in terms of 'rational reconstructions', but rather 'naturalistically', which turned the analytic lens to the social, cultural, practical, material, political constituents of scientific knowledge. In these investigations, mathematics has been very much a marginal and occasional topic compared to the experimental sciences e.

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Disciplines that do not rely on experiments and complicated machinery but are associated with 'proof', 'deduction', or 'calculation' such as, e. This workshop will bring together a group of internationally distinguished scholars that have investigated mathematics as practice and culture. The aim is to a collect a variety of case studies from different perspectives, b critically reflect upon the relationship between these case studies and the case studies as a whole.

The contributions will be published as an edited collection at an English language academic publishing house. Over the past nine years, students of landscape architecture at the chair of Prof. Christophe Girot have conducted video studies in and around the city of Zurich. The exhibition opens on May 14, A symposium and a publication are planned in conjunction with the exhibition. Since the year , the chair of Prof. Girot has done research into the medium of video to lend new impulses to contemporary landscape design. The video studies are devoted to heterogeneous and ambivalent sites on the outskirts of the city, ordinarily considered unattractive.

On closer inspection or in our case "closer filming," surprising qualities come to light that conventional static analysis and instruments of design are not likely to track down. The cogito foundation finances the foreign speakers. Many phenomena, ranging from individual cognitive processing to social and collective behavior, cannot be understood without taking into account affective determinants. Moreover, affective phenomena are complex episodes in human behavior and experience, thoroughly integrated into a social and cultural context, that require study from different research perspectives.

The NCCR in Affective Sciences brings together disciplines which study the biological, psychological, and social dimensions of affect. The different scientific projects aim to provide a better understanding of affective phenomena e. With its scientists stemming from various backgrounds such as psychology, philosophy, economics, political science, law, criminology, psychiatry, neuroscience, education, sociology, literature, history, and religious and social anthropology, the NCCR places a particular emphasis on the interdisciplinary and integrative collaboration between these different domains of research.

The Swiss Center for Affective Sciences, is organising a one day interdisciplinary conference on Emotions and Machines. Talks will be on the possibility of emotional artificial agents, the use of technology to measure human emotions, and the benefits and hazards of emotion related technology generally. Lokale Gemeinschaften haben Normen entwickelt, die auf spirituellen Werten basieren. Um diese "traditionelle Naturschutzinstitution" zu untersuchen, wird eine Datenbank entwickelt, die grundlegende Informationen zu den "sacred natural sites" der Erde sammelt.

Synaesthesia is an unusual neurological condition characterized by anomalous correspondences between and within sensory modalities e. Recent work has demonstrated that the behavioral features of synaesthesia can be induced in highly suggestible non-synaesthetes using posthypnotic suggestion "virtual" synaesthesia.

This grant will support a postdoctoral fellowship in the Department of Experimental Psychology at the University of Oxford under the supervision of Dr. Roi Cohen Kadosh. This project aims to follow up on this early study by attempting to track the necessary and sufficient brain systems for congenital and virtual synaesthesia. The first experiment will examine the cortical activation patterns associated with congenital and virtual synaesthesia, whereas the second will allow us to investigate whether and to what extent both forms of synaesthesia are dependent upon multisensory integration.

In conjunction, we believe these studies will provide a formidable investigation of the neurocognitive basis of virtual synaesthesia and will provide valuable information with regard to how it is similar to, or different from, congenital synaesthesia. Es sind sowohl theoretisch relevante Erkenntnisse v. Viele Fragen stehen zur Diskussion:. Wissensvermittlung geschieht nicht nur mittels Sprache, sondern vor allem seit der Entwicklung guter Reproduktionstechniken im Buchdruck immer mehr durch Bilder, Schemazeichnungen und andere Graphiken.

Klassifiziert wird nach drei Dimensionen:. Das Projekt will die in der menschlichen Kognitionsforschung intensiv diskutierte Frage, wie stark menschliche Intelligenz modular organisiert ist, untersuchen. Futtergewinnung unter Werkzeuggebrauch und "social cognition" z. Futterverbergen vor Artgenossen klassifiziert. Im Labortest sollen alle Arten mit demselben Set von Aufgaben aus beiden Bereichen konfrontiert werden. Die Stellung der Wissenschaft in unserer Gesellschaft hat sich gewandelt. Welchen gesellschaftlichen Beitrag leistet die Wissenschaft zum Fortschritt der globalisierten Welt?

Dieser Aufruf ist nicht neu. September Sie beantwortet Fragen wie: Woher kommen wir? Wie lange gibt es uns schon? Die cogito foundation finanziert den Flyer und den "Guide der Evolution" zur Ausstellung. Anstatt Einzelausstellungen immer wieder auf- und abzubauen, sollen die wissenschaftlichen Inhalte in einen Bus integriert werden, der an verschiedene Orte gefahren und dort genutzt werden kann.

Die cogito foundation finanziert diesen Bus Fr. Die cogito foundation hat das Projekt bereits mit Fr. Nun soll dazu vom Dieses Institut ist - als vielleicht weltweit einziges - auf Industriefilme und weitere Formen des Gebrauchsfilms spezialisiert. Dies wird in vier Panels mit Referenten aus Naturwissenschaft und Kunst beleuchtet. Das Thema soll umfassend aus biologischer molekulargenetischer und physiologischer , psychologischer und sozialwissenschaftlicher Sicht beleuchtet werden.

Auf all diesen Gebieten ist in den letzten Jahren reiches empirisches Material zur Thematik "Gewalt" gewonnen worden. Die Veranstalter haben ein hervorragendes Programm mit 25 internationalen renommierten Rednern und Diskussionsleitern zusammengestellt. It traces the influence of the Soviet space program on the culture and everyday life of people in socialist Eastern Europe. Cosmonauts became the new socialist hero-figures, and architecture, design, literature and the arts responded in different ways to the technological breakthrough, its visual language and aesthetic forms.

Die Dissertation wurde Anfang begonnen und soll im Hinblick auf den Er versteht digitale Techniken als Prozesse die - gesteuert durch einen Algorithmus - zeitlich ablaufen. Aufbauend auf diesem Begriff sollen die historischen und technischen Grundlagen, Handhabung, Wirkung und Erleben digitaler Musik besser verstanden werden. Ihre Beobachtung aus der Praxis vertiefte sie in ihrer Dissertation Weiter konnte in diesen Experimenten gezeigt werden, dass Versuchspersonen mit schwachen Lernleistungen vom sensomotorischen Lernen besonderen Nutzen ziehen.

Gewissermassen als Nebenprodukt hoffen die Gesuchsteller, zur Ursachenforschung beizutragen. Christian Pfister, Bern. Die Gesuchstellerin, promovierte Historikerin, will die - Mitte des letzten Jahrhunderts etwa Jahre lang angewandte - psychochirurgische Praxis der Lobotomie, die bei psychisch unheilbar kranken Patienten angewandte Durchtrennung der frontalen thalamocorticalen Bahn, wissenschaftshistorisch aufarbeiten.

Contents of Chapter 3

Dabei kommen radiologische Untersuchungsmethoden wie Computertomographie und Magnetresonanz zum Einsatz. So wurde beispielsweise mittels eines modernen Multislice-Computertomographen "Oetzi" untersucht und bebildert. Solche Bilder zeigen das Innenleben der Mumie. Diese Fragen werden am Beispiel von "Atlas", einem der riesigen Detektoren illustriert. Seit erscheint diese nur noch elektronisch. Normalerweise werden drei Artikel pro Woche aufgeschaltet. Das Projekt versucht die Agrarbiotechnologie in die Schulen zu bringen.

Moralerziehung in das Projekt einzubringen. Damit soll einer vor allem politisch bestimmten Urteilsbildung entgegen gewirkt werden. The goal is identical to that of the cogito foundation: to close the gap between the sciences and the humanities. The second symposium, again in Crans Montana, will take place from September 10 to 13 and the cogito foundation supports it. The first fair will take place on June 4, in Zofingen. Up to children representing 60 classes are expected to participate, admission being assured by a successfully realized technical innovation.

Neuroscience is the study of neurological signals that can be observed in localizable areas of the brain during religious-emotional experiences, feelings and states of mind. What used to be clearly the domain of the humanities has become a subject of brain research. The workshop is truly interdisciplinary.

It will feature the neuro-anatomist Prof. Michael Frotscher, Freiburg i. Ulrich Eibach, Bonn and the philosopher Prof. Thomas Schmidt, Frankfurt. The aim of the 22nd International Conference on the History of Cartography, is to foster discussion on the history of cartography. It will take place from 8. July in Berne. The ICHC focuses on the four main themes: 1. Mapping Relief How have topographers and cartographers mastered the representation of relief? What are the peculiarities of high mountain cartography? What are the various non-European techniques for mapping relief?

Is there already a history of submarine cartography? Maps and Tourism How has tourism influenced cartography and the map trade? Have tourist agencies of the 19th and 20th centuries created specific patterns of map use? Since when and how were tourist maps created and distributed as mass media? How was it commercially viable to create maps of regions that were unreachable to most people at the time?

Language and Maps How did cartographers deal with translations and translators? Do the maps for different target groups or countries use the same geographical terms? When do they use exonyms or endonyms? Were the map publishers in any given country under pressure because of language politics? What are the specific problems of multi-lingual countries? Do we know the "language" of old maps? Time as the Cartographic Fourth Dimension When did maps start to represent our dynamic environment instead of a static or idealized situation?

Does the answer differ when we think of medieval or thematic maps? How long were maps in use before they were replaced? What are the problems of map series whose creation took decades? This conference took place on June 28, Its aim was to study the demand for fast means of transportation from a historical, an economical, a technical, and a sociological perspective as well as with respect to spatial-planning in an international context. Such discussions are to lead to conclusions relevant to science, economy, and society for the future of Swiss high speed traffic.

Speakers are international and Swiss experts from industry, universities, and politics. The two-day symposium will take place on the occasion of the festivities to the years jubilee of the University of Zurich on March 17 and 18, University knowledge is shared knowledge. There is no unitary discipline which comprises University findings in their totality. The objects of scientific examination are determined by the way of approach by the respective field. Disciplinary knowledge should be a part of University knowledge, therefore, dialogue beyond the limits of the particular fields is needed.

Renowned scientists from all fields explore findings out of interdisciplinary dialogues. The symposium is aimed at an academic audience but also at the interested public. Based on this knowledge, adapted strategies for the prevention and treatment of area specific infectious diseases like HIV, Malaria, Tuberculosis and Syphilis will be developed.

Marcel Tanner, PD Dr. The research philosophy remains interdisciplinary. Methodologically, there will be bridges built, not only between the humanities, the social sciences and medicine, but also between the cultures of North and South. Which variant of probabilistic reasoning is most adequate for the construction of theories evolution?

The question is being addressed in a pluralistic fashion thus allowing various interpretations and quantitative representations of the principle of probability to be discussed on a fundamental level. Thereby, it should be possible to evaluate the application of these different formalisms to the biological disciplines like molecular phylogeny, population genetics, or evolutionary game theory. All these disciplines relay now on theoretical, mathematical and probabilistic instruments. Without these, they would be unable to reach conclusions that are biologically relevant.

The project is focused on a topic that is equally rooted in mathematics, biology and philosophy. It has so far only been addressed in a disciplinary way but never by spanning the disciplines. The issue shall be explored in rural and semi urban communities that share a common cultural background but differ in economical and demographical respects. The cooperative behaviour between individuals within these communities shall be examined by the use of standardized, economic game paradigms.

The project deals with the timely topic of the evolution of altruistic behaviour in humans at the interface of socio-biology, sociology, behavioural ecology and economy, anthropology and cultural studies. The field study addressing behavioural-ecological, ecological and evolutionary biological questions will be conducted among different populations of the Indian Gond tribe. It is the major objective of the project and it will be financed by the additional funds. Nobody has yet succeeded to track down the neuronal expressions of memory suppression, simply because memory suppression cannot be commanded nor willingly triggered.

Based on research results on hypnotically induced paralyses, which show that the same cortical areas are affected that inhibit motoric signals, memory suppression shall be induced by hypnosis. The fMRI observations should yield fundamental insights about the mechanisms of remembering and forgetting.

Especially interesting will be the difference, if any, between remembering faces and other pictures, as the brain handles these categories differently. Of all agnosias inabilities to recognize sensory signals from intact sensory organs anosognosia inability to recognize ones illness or handicap seems to be particularly mysterious.

On the other hand, much has been published on the expectations of individuals about their future illness, showing a widespread tendency to unrealistic optimism. The reason might be found in a reduced cooperation between the brain hemispheres. This hypothesis shall now be tested by observing the change in the perception of present and the expectation of future illnesses during hemispheric stimulation. He further did a PhD in history of science at the University in Lisbon, where he is currently working as a postdoc.

His field of research is the pre-Galilean history of science. Instruments like the angle, the protractor, the astrolabe, and the sextant initially had a purely practical value in architecture and navigation. How did it come about that they — some in a more advanced manner — eventually became scientific instruments and thus enabled the emergence of the scientific art of experimentation?

This fascinating issue, which is also connected to the question of the splitting up of the humanities and the natural sciences, shall be analyzed on the basis of period writings and artefacts. For this purpose the pertinent collections in Paris, Munich, Florence, London and Krakow will be studied. Cogito Foundation funds the travel expenses as the home institution does not have means to settle them. For the first time the hypothesis that imitations of learned abilities lead to gradual technology progress over generations could be tested with a species. The appeal of the long-term study is the fact that in a secluded region the totality of subpopulations is recorded, classified according to their genetic relatedness and vocal dialects, and mapped after manner and multitude of created tools.

The conceptual and technically demanding project, which should nevertheless be very promising given the prior work and experience of the research group, may be unique in biology with its original and multi-disciplined approach. If Gavin R. This project continues studying how people perceive their own body and how disturbances in this perception are triggered. This phenomena, which can be triggered artificially, is often noted in connection with near-death experiences and is seen by many scientists as an aspect of the body-mind problem.

Olaf Blanke and the cognition philosopher Thomas Metzinger have triggered such experiences and partly spontaneous OB experiences by stimulation of certain parts of the cortex of healthy subjects and neurological patients. In a previous phase, such disturbances were restricted to the vestibular system and caused visual illusions.

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