Although the two groups merged, Banca Popolare di Bergamo and Banca Popolare Commercio e Industria were re-incorporated as a subsidiary in t. History A large house was built at this site by Agnolo di Ghezzo della Casa at the end of the fourteenth century. Excavations at the site located the remains of an 11th-century bridge over the former river Mugnone.
The work was forwarded by Antonio Maria Ferri and Paolo Falconieri, who completed the interior in Banca Intesa S. It was formed in However, the name of the group was reverted to Banca Intesa in In Banca Commerciale Italiana entered the group, which pursuant to the merger in changed its name in IntesaBCi; on 1 January , the group's name changed to Banca Intesa. However, Intesa also sold s. Banca di Valle Camonica S. The bank is named after Val Camonica.
In the bank became part of UBI Banca. Banca di Valle Camonica. Retrieved 14 February In the —06 season, Serie A, the major professional football league in Italy, was contested for the second year in a row by 20 teams. The league commenced on 28 August and finished on 14 May While Juventus were originally the first-placed team, this title was put sub judice due to their involvement in the Calciopoli scandal, with Internazionale instead declared champions by the Italian Football Federation FIGC on 26 July However, —06 saw the introduction of new rules.
If two or more teams ended the season with the same number of points, the ordering was determined by their head-to-head records. If two or more teams had the same total point. Grand Prix motorcycle racing sponsorship liveries have been used since the late s, replacing the previously used national colours. With sponsors becoming more important with the rising costs in the motorcycle CC classes, many teams wanted to be able to display the logos of their sponsors as clearly as possible.
The liveries are usually changed for every season in the sport, marking the marketing ideas of the sponsors. Some teams keep some consistency over the years however, like the red colour of Ducati, which has its origin in a shade of red known as rosso corsa being the national racing colour of Italy.
Cities and towns in Veneto
Tobacco and alcohol advertising was common in motorsport, however as bans spread throughout the world teams used an alternate livery which alluded to the tobacco or alcohol sponsor, or entirely eliminated their name when in nations with a ban — this is now only seen on Ducati's Marlboro sponsored vehicles — where the sponsor is technically banned from advertising in all host nations. At historical event. Cassa di Risparmio di San Miniato S.
History Cassa di Risparmio di San Miniato was found on 27 April  in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, a year after the savings bank of Florence, the oldest savings bank in Tuscany region. On 14 January , the savings bank was gained an independent status by a royal decree part away from Florence. Atlante is an Italian private equity fund that is dedicated to recapitalize some Italian banks, as well as purchase the securities of the junior tranches of non-performing loans.
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The contributions of the fund would make the fund become the buyer of the unsold shares, instead of the banks themselves. Naples is the third biggest city in Italy and 10th-most populous urban area in the European Union. Most skyscrapers are office buildings. Banca Apulia S.
The main office of the bank was located in Bari, in the centre of Apulia region instead. The bank was takeover by Intesa Sanpaolo, after the previous owner was under administration and then being liquidated. History Banca Apulia S. In the bank had a market share of lending in Apulia for 5.
The Italy national rugby union team competes annually in the Six Nations Championship against the other top rugby teams in Europe. The team is also known as the Azzurri Azures. Italy has been playing international rugby since , and for decades were considered one of the best European teams outside the Five Nations Championship. They were the holders of the Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy for , played annually against France. Italy is ranked 15th in the world by the IRB as of 22 April Italian rugby really came to prominence in when it was added to the Five Nations, creating the Six Nations.
Initially on the end of some heavy defeats, the side has grown in competitiveness, recording a fourth-place finish in and , and even in defeat, lop-sided losses are less frequent. The Azzurri have shown respectable results when playing at home in recent years: during the Six N. However, only 2. History Istituto di Credito per il Finanziamento a Medio Termine alle Medie e Piccole Industrie Situate nel Territorio della Provincia di Udine was found on 31 July to provide medium-term loan to the companies of the Province of Udine, as a ente di diritto pubblico.
The bank later expanded to cover the whole Friuli — Venezia Giulia region. The bank at first had 1. The country also continued to supply a significant portion of its own need for some minerals. Industrial mineral production in , including construction materials, was the most important sector of the economy. Italy has been a significant processor of imported raw materials, and a significant consumer and exporter of mineral and metal semi-manufactured and finished products. Production totals for the leading minerals in were: feldspar, estimated at 2, metric tons; barite, estimated at 30, metric tons, unchanged from ; fluorspar acid-grade and metallurgical-grade , estimated at 45, tons; hydraulic cement, estimated at 40 million tons; pumice and pumiceous lapilli, estimated at , tons from Lipari Island, off the northern coast of Sicily ; and pozzolan, estimated at 4 million tons from Lipari.
Alumina production calcined basis in was estimated at , metric tons. In addition, Italy produced antimony oxides, gold from Sardinia , mine lead, mine manganese, bromine, crude clays including bentonite, refractory, fuller's earth, kaolin, and kaolinitic earth , diatomite, gypsum, lime, nitrogen, perlite, mineral pigments, salt marine, rock, and brine , sand and gravel including volcanic and silica sands , soda ash, sodium sulfate , stone alabaster, dolomite, granite, limestone, marble, marl, quartz, quartzite, sandstone, serpentine, and slate , sulfur, and talc and related materials.
Marble and travertine quarrying from the famous mines in the Massa and Carrara areas was still significant. Marble was quarried at hundreds of locations from the Alps to Sicily. The most important white-marble-producing area was in the Apuan Alps, near Carrara, and accounted for one-third of the country's , tons of white marble. Reserves of several types were considered to be unlimited; half of the country's output was in block form and half was exported. Italy's proven oil and natural gas reserves are each the fourth-largest in the European Union EU.
The country has completely stopped the production of coal. Still, Italy must rely heavily on foreign sources to meet its energy needs.
According to the Oil and Gas Journal, Italy has proven oil reserves estimated at million barrels, as of 1 January However, domestic demand far outstrips production, with consumption in estimated at 1. Net imports for that year are estimated at 1. Development of the Tempa Rossa field, with an estimated million barrels of oil, is being led by France's Total, and is expected to enter production by with a peak output of 50, barrels per day.
Oil has been partly replaced by natural gas, whose consumption is expected to continue rising in the future, driven largely by the construction of combined-cycle, gas-fired turbines. Italy has proven natural gas reserves of 8. Natural gas production in , according to Eurostat totaled billion cu ft. Combined with declining field output, Italy's reliance on natural gas imports has increased. In , Italy completely closed down its domestic coal production industry, when it shuttered its last production facility.
In , coal met only 6. In that year, demand for coal amounted to Italy's total electric generating capacity was estimated at In , it was estimated that output totaled billion kWh, with consumption totaling an estimated billion kWh, and net imports totaling an estimated 32 billion kWh. Characterized both by a few large industrial concerns controlling the greater part of industrial output and by thousands of small shops engaged in artisan-type production, Italian industry expanded rapidly in the postwar period. Industrial production almost tripled between and and has generally showed continued growth, although the global recession that began in slowed industrial production and the economy as a whole.
The lack of domestic raw materials and fuels represents a serious drag on industrial expansion. Industry accounted for EFIM controlled armaments and metallurgy industries. Major private companies are the Fiat automobile company; the Olivetti company office computers and telecommunications ; the Montedison chemical firm; and the Pirelli rubber company. The bulk of heavy industry is concentrated in the northwest, in the Milan-Turin-Genoa industrial triangle.
The government has made concerted efforts to attract industry to the underdeveloped southeast. With the drive toward greater European integration in full gear, Italy, along with its fellow EU member-states, is liberalizing its economic and commercial legislation. These promise a marked change in the Italian business scene as mergers and foreign investment increase. In early , Olivetti mounted a successful hostile takeover for Telecom Italia. Italy has become known for niche products, including fashion eye-wear, specialized machine tools, packaging, stylish furniture, kitchen equipment, and other products featuring high design.
The "made in Italy" stamp is associated with quality and style. Traditional industries are iron and steel, machinery, chemicals, food processing including olive oil , wine, and cheese , textiles, clothing, footwear, motor vehicles, and ceramics. The construction industry stands to gain in importance in the early s, as Italy's less-developed regions are slated for infrastructure development. Foreign competition has cut into the Italian textile industry. The agreement runs until , and was designed to give European textile manufacturers time to adjust to a world of unfettered competition.
Nevertheless, barely a month after the EU-China agreement was signed, China reached its quotas for sweaters, followed soon after by blouses, bras, T-shirts, and flax yarn. Tens of millions of garments piled up in warehouses and customs checkpoints, which affected both retailers and consumers. The still-standing aqueducts, bathhouses, and other public works of both ancient republic and empire testify to the engineering and architectural skills of the Romans. The rebirth of science during the Renaissance brought the daring speculations of Leonardo da Vinci including discoveries in anatomy, meteorology, geology, and hydrology, as well as a series of fascinating though ultimately impractical designs for a "flying machine" , advances in physics and astronomy by Galileo Galilei, and the development of the barometer by Evangelista Torricelli.
To later Italian scientists and inventors the world owes the electric battery , the electroplating process , and the radiotelegraph CNR institutes and associated private and university research centers conduct scientific work in mathematics, physics, chemistry, geology, technology, engineering, medicine, biology, and agriculture.
Italy has 47 universities offering courses in basic and applied sciences. In , of all bachelor's degrees awarded, Milan is the principal commercial center, followed by Turin, Genoa, Naples, and Rome. Although small retail units predominate, department stores and supermarkets are playing an increasingly important role. In , Italy ranked second in Europe in franchise business operations with about companies and over 31, franchises. Advertising in all forms is well developed, and the usual mass media billboards, neon signs, newspapers and magazines, radio, cinema, and television are used extensively.
Market research is handled by over firms. Usual business hours in northern Italy are from am until pm and from to pm. In central and southern Italy, customary hours are am to pm and or 5 to or 8 pm. Most firms are closed in August. In general, banking hours are am to pm and 3 pm to 4 pm, Monday through Friday.
Retail establishments are generally closed on Sundays. Industrial products, textiles and apparel, shoes, and foodstuffs are Italy's most important exports. However, the textile industry has been hit hard by foreign competition in recent years, especially from China. Fuels, meat, grain products, and various raw materials are among the major imports. Trade deficits were substantial between the end of World War II and , but between and the deficit gradually declined, and Italy's trade balance continued in relative equilibrium through Then, as prices of crude oil and other raw-material imports rose, Italy again began registering growing trade deficits.
In , however, a large surplus was recorded because of an export boom that followed the devaluation of the lira in September , and Italy has had a trade surplus ever since. The bulk of manufactured imports come from EU countries and the United States, which are also the leading customers for Italian exports. The big commodity exports from Italy in included industrial and automobile machinery and parts The major imports included machinery and transportation equipment Italy's leading markets in were Germany Italy's leading suppliers in were Germany Italy did not have serious balance of payments problems after the mids.
Exports soared after , turning Italy's balance of payments positive. The growth in exports was extremely strong in the northeast, where small and medium-sized companies produce high-quality and low-cost products — ranging from industrial machinery to ski boots — for French, German, Japanese, and Indian customers.
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Italy experienced weak economic growth in the period — The Banca d'Italia, the central bank , was the sole bank of issue and exercised credit control functions until Italy's accession to the European Central Bank, which now controls monetary policy and the euro, the EU's common currency excepting the United Kingdom, Denmark , and Sweden.
La Banca d'Italia is still responsible for controlling domestic inflation and balance of payments pressures. Uncertainty about Italy's ability to meet the convergence targets of the Treaty for European Union Merastricht for inflation, interest rates, and participation to stabilize the rate, the lira was withdrawn from the ERM in September , after which the lira declined to just under DM1:L1, At the beginning of it began to appreciate again, and immediately after the April election it rose to L1,DM1. The introduction of the euro in , however, made all that irrelevant.
There are many major international banks with branches in Italy. The Istituto Mobiliare Italiano is the leading industrial credit institution; it also administers important government industrial investments. In , the government privatized Mediobanca, another major industrial credit institution. A new banking law was passed in , to bring Italy into conformity with the EU's Second Banking directive, and to introduce two major innovations which aim to move Italy toward a model of universal banking.
It allows banks to hold shares in industrial concerns; and it eliminates the distinction between banks aziende di credito and special credit institutions aziende di credito speciale , thus allowing all banks to perform operations previously limited to specific types of intermediary. On 30 January , the government drafted legislation to promote restructuring and consolidation in Italy's largely inefficient and highly fragmented banking sector.
The bill is the latest in a series of attempts since to rationalize the sector. Mergers are also changing the face of the Italian banking industry. In early , four of the five largest Italian banks were involved in such deals. The money market rate, the rate at which financial institutions lend to one another in the short term, was 4.
There are 10 stock exchanges in operation. The most important is that in Milan established in The others, in order of importance, are Rome , Turin , Genoa , Bologna , Florence , Naples , Venice , Trieste , and Palermo Since , the markets have been regulated by the National Commission for Companies and the Stock Exchange. Radical reforms have been introduced in recent years in order to vitalize the stock market, which is greatly undercapitalized considering the size of the Italian economy. In September , stock market intermediation companies SIM , a new form of stock broking and fund management firm, were introduced to accompany the shift from the open-outcry call auction system to a screen-based continuous auction market, which was completed in July In order to stimulate the demand for shares, in shareholders were given the option of paying a At the beginning of , proposed Services Directive included the privatization of the stock market and the administrative bodies that run it as one of its main objectives.
Despite a certain amount of volatility, the Milan stock exchange index MIB has risen by In early-mid, the MIB index hovered between 31, — 31, However, since the onset of the global recession, the index has dropped significantly. In , the MIB Index rose The insurance industry is government-supervised, and insurers must be authorized to do business. Automobile insurance was made compulsory in , and coverage is also required for aircraft, powerboats, hunters, auditors, yachts, nuclear facilities, and insurance brokers.
Among the most important nonlife insurance companies in Italy as of were Ras, Generali, Sai, and Assitalia. Leading life insurance companies as of included Alleanza, Creitras, Generali, and Sanpaolo. European Union reporting and other insurance directives are being implemented. A unique and helpful feature of Italian insurance company reports is the inclusion of financial statements of major subsidiary or affiliated companies. The Italian insurance market was traditionally characterized by a relatively large number of insurers with no one organization dominating the industry, although there were some very large, old insurance organizations which date back to the early 19th century.
There are a number of foreign insurance companies operating through subsidiaries in Italy: these are primarily French and German companies. Italy's market indicates moderately low penetration when compared to North America and Northern Europe, especially for life products. In recent years, the volume of life products has increased quite rapidly as the consumer has become aware that the Italian Social Security System benefits will have to be supplemented by individual savings and as insurance awareness has increased through advertising campaigns and the distribution of insurance products through the extensive branch banking system of the country.
Foreign influence and industry consolidation in the Italian insurance industry is expected to rise due to the adoption of the euro and the emerging willingness of Italian companies to mount hostile takeover bids. Much of the new merger-mania expected to sweep Italian insurance is projected to come from the banking sector as banks continue to expand their interests in insurance sales.
Reflecting both increasing economic activity and the pressures of inflation, the Italian budget has expanded continually since The Italian economy has traditionally run a high government. Since , Italy has maintained a primary budget surplus, net of interest payments, and has reduced its deficit in public administration from 1.
However, given the high national debt, the EU remains concerned about Italy's budgetary policies. Public debt in amounted to The Italian tax system is considered among the most complicated in the world. Since the late s, the government has been using tax cuts to stimulate economic growth. On 1 January the government introduced the Dual Income Tax DIT system designed to encourage investment by taxing income deemed to be derived from the increase in equity capital in a company at a lower rate than the standard corporate income tax rate.
This rate may be reduced to The schedule of personal income tax rates was reformed in to reduce tax rates and to increase the amount covered by the lowest income band. On 25 October Italy's gift and inheritance taxes were abolished by the Parliament. Basic medical and dental services, as well as financial and insurance services are exempt from VAT. Other taxes on transactions include stamp taxes, and contract registration tax.
Italy's membership in the European Union has greatly influenced its tariff structure. Duties on imports from then- European Community members and their dependencies were gradually reduced following the Rome Pact in and disappeared by , more than a year ahead of schedule. Duties on goods from Greece, which entered the European Community in , were reduced gradually and eliminated by Italy's adjustment of its tariff structure to that of the now-European Union also has resulted in a substantial reduction of duties on products imported from areas other than the European Union, including the United States.
Because of a lack of domestic venture capital, the government encourages foreign industrial investment through tax concessions on a case-by-case basis. Foreign ownership, however, is limited by law and includes the following regulations: foreign investment can be limited for "reasons essential to the national economy. Although privatization is encouraging foreign investment, defense industries remain off limits to non-Italians. However, the extent of the state's direct involvement in the economy has been greatly reduced by the privatization program carried out by successive governments since , encouraged by EU restrictions on state aid to industry and the need to reduce public-sector debt.
In an effort to increase confidence of foreign investors in Italy's economic development, the government has enacted legislation providing special incentives, particularly for investments in the south — Sicily, Sardinia, and the peninsula south of Rome. In recent years, and in accordance with EU liberalization, foreign restrictions on foreign investment in Italy have eased. Italy has remained an underachiever, however, in the attraction of FDI. From — 04, FDI inflows averaged 1. Under Mussolini, business and labor were grouped into corporations that, in theory at least, jointly determined economic policy.
Also, under the Fascist regime, direct government control over the economy was increased through the creation of powerful economic bodies, such as the Institute for Industrial Reconstruction. Although the corporative system disappeared after the fall of Mussolini, the concept of economic planning remained firmly implanted among the large Marxist parties, as well as among Christian Democratic leaders, who — by different means and for different reasons — sought to create a society free from the class warfare associated with a strictly liberal economic system.
Principal government objectives following World War II were reconstruction of the economy; stabilization of the currency; and long-term, large-scale investment aimed at correcting the imbalance of the Italian economy and, in particular, the imbalance between northern and southern Italy. The first and second phases of this policy were accomplished by Then the government, supported by domestic financial and industrial groups and by foreign aid , principally from the United States, embarked on the third and most important phase, best known as the Vanoni Plan after former finance minister Ezio Vanoni.
Notable in this development effort was the Cassa per il Mezzogiorno, a government agency set up to develop southern Italy and attract private investment to the region. Simultaneously, direct government control of the economy increased through such government agencies as ENI National Hydrocarbon Agency , whose activities expanded rapidly in the postwar era. The nationalization of the electric industry, in order to lay the industrial base for a more highly planned economy, and the creation of the National Economic Planning Board composed of leaders from government, industry, and labor were further indications of the importance attached to the concept of a planned Italian economy.
The combined effects of inflation, increased energy prices, and political instability posed serious economic problems during the s. With Italy mired in recession in the early s, economic policy was directed at reducing the public sector deficit, tightening controls on credit, and maintaining a stable exchange rate, chiefly through a variety of short-term constraints. A period of recovery began in , leading to expanded output and lower inflation but also to expanded unemployment. The economic policy aims in included the reduction of the public-sector deficit and unemployment.
Furthermore, improvement in the external sector due mainly to the fall of oil prices and depreciation of the dollar led to liberalization of the foreign exchange market in Priorities of the early s were cutting government spending, fighting tax evasion to reduce public debt , and selling off state-owned enterprises.
At the end of the decade the results of these policies were mixed. Liberalization provided the impetus for greater foreign investment, while the funds generated from privatization eased the public debt. Moreover, the economic disparities between the prosperous north and the impoverished south remain. The strength of the economy rests on the back of small- and medium-sized family-owned companies, mostly in the north and center of the country.
In , the average Italian company employed 4 people, and industrial companies had an average of around 9 employees, compared with an average 15 employees in the EU. Italy's public debt in was estimated at GDP growth remained flat in , but was expected to pick up to a still disappointing 1 — 1. Reform of the pension system continues to be a controversial policy issue. The focus of economic policy has been on cutting taxes, fighting unemployment, enhancing competitiveness, and reducing both the budget deficit and debt.
However, the only areas in which the government had made limited progress by were in the labor market and the pension system. Balancing fiscal austerity and policies to promote growth pose a major economic policy challenge. Social welfare legislation in Italy, begun in , was redesigned by law in and has subsequently been expanded.
All workers and their families are covered and receive old-age, disability, and survivor pensions, unemployment and injury benefits, health and maternity coverage. The system is primarily funded by employer contributions, along with employee payments and some government subsidies. Family allowances are paid for primarily by employer contributions, and are determined by the size and income of the family. Conditions for old age pensions have varying conditions. The first maternity coverage was initiated in , and was most recently updated in Despite full legal rights under law, women face some social discrimination in Italy.
On average, women earn less than men and are underrepresented in management, the professions, and other areas. Sexual abuse and violence remain a problem, although when reported, the authorities prosecute perpetrators and assist victims. Increased public awareness of sexual harassment and violence increased the number of reported abuses in The government is committed to protecting and promoting children's rights.
Human rights are generally respected in Italy. Lengthy pretrial detentions still occur due to the slow pace of the judicial system, and occasional cases of the mistreatment of prisoners were reported. Discrimination based on race, sex, religion, ethnicity, disability, and language is prohibited by law. A national health plan, begun in , seeks to provide free health care for all citizens, but certain minimum charges remain.
It is financed by contributions from salaries, by employers, and by the central government. Patients are still able to choose their own health care providers. Reform implementation in the s and s has been difficult. In , the government announced plans to dismantle public universal insurance. Reforms in sought to integrate primary care with other health care programs, including home care, social services, and health education.
Consistent health reforms are hampered by frequent political changes in administration. Most private hospitals have contracts with the national plan, but health care services are more highly concentrated in the northern regions of Italy. The shortage of medical personnel and hospital facilities in Italy's rural areas remains serious. Closure of a number of underutilized hospitals was planned and the government has been making efforts to curb the state deficit in health expenditures; budgets and estimates are repeatedly more than demand.
Health care expenditures were 8. As of , Italy had the highest number of physicians per capita at an estimated per , people. In addition, there were approximately nurses, 59 dentists and pharmacists per , population. In the same year, Italy had public hospitals and private ones, for a total of approximately , beds.
The infant mortality rate, As of , birth and death rates were estimated respectively at 8. The major causes of death were circulatory system diseases, cancers, respiratory diseases, and accidents and violence. There were an estimated 1, deaths from AIDS in Italy's housing and public building program was a major item in the general program of postwar reconstruction.
From June to June , however, of the 6,, rooms destroyed or severely damaged, , were rebuilt and 4,, were repaired. Under a special housing program, originally instituted with funds from UNRRA and subsequently financed by employer and employee contributions, a total of 15 million rooms were constructed between and , alleviating the nation's immediate housing problems. In , , new dwellings were completed. Education is free and compulsory for eight years for students age 6 through 15 , this includes five years of elementary school and three years of lower secondary school.
Next, students may choose to attend a technical school, a vocational school, or one of several academic secondary schools, which offer a choice of specialized programs in classical, scientific, linguistic, and artistic studies. All secondary programs generally cover a five-year course of study. The student-to-teacher ratio for primary school was at about in There are 55 state universities and 23 other universities, colleges, and higher learning institutes, including the University of Bologna founded in the 11th century , the oldest in Italy, and the University of Rome, which is the country's largest.
The adult literacy rate for was estimated at about As of , public expenditure on education was estimated at 4. Italy, with its rich cultural heritage, is one of the world's great storehouses of books and art. Among its many of libraries, the most important are in the national library system, which contains two central libraries, in Florence 5. The existence of two national central libraries, while most nations have one, came about through the history of the country, as Rome was once part of the Papal States and Florence was the first capital of the unified Kingdom of Italy.
While both libraries are designated as copyright libraries, Florence now serves as the site designated for conservation and cataloging of Italian publications and the site in Rome catalogs foreign publications acquired by the state libraries. All of the national libraries are public. The Estense Library in Modena holds , volumes, including illuminated manuscripts from the 14th to 18th centuries. The university libraries in Bologna 1. The Medici -Laurentian and Marucelliana , libraries in Florence and the Ambrosiana Library in Milan are also important research centers.
Italy's public library system has about 84 branches and holds a total of 41 million volumes. Italy, a world center of culture, history and art, has more than 3, museums. Naples hosts the Museum of Ethnoprehistory of Castel Dell'ovo and museums of paleontology, mineralogy, anthropology, and astronomy.
- Nouvelles dAlgérie (Littérature Française) (French Edition).
- Prick of the Spindle - Print Edition - Issue 4.
- Semplici parole damore (Gli emersi poesia) (Italian Edition).
The National Museum of Science and technology in Milan has an extensive exhibit on Leonardo da Vinci , including models of some of the machines designed by the Renaissance man. A Goethe museum, with manuscripts and illustrations describing Goethe's travels in Italy, opened in in Rome. Villa Torlonia, Mussolini's home, was renovated in and opened as a museum. Communication systems in Italy, including telephone, telex, and data services, are generally considered to be modern, well developed, and fully automated.
In , there were an estimated mainline telephones for every 1, people. The same year, there were approximately 1, mobile phones in use for every 1, people. Radiotelevisione Italiana RAI , a government corporation, broadcasts on three channels. In , there were an additional four national broadcast channels, three of which were operated by Mediaset, a company owned by Prime Minister Berlusconi. A media law initiated an intent to partially privatize RAI. In , there were an estimated radios for every 1, people. The number of television sets was unavailable in the same survey.
Also in , there were There were 1, secure Internet servers in the country in As of , there were about 90 daily newspapers in the country, but not all of them had national circulation. Panorama is the most popular news weekly with a circulation of , in The periodical press is becoming increasingly important. Famiglia Cristiana is a Catholic weekly periodical with a wide readership. Italy enjoys a free press, with vigorous expression of all shades of opinion. The majority of papers are published in northern and central Italy, and circulation is highest in these areas.
Rome and Milan are the most important publication centers. A considerable number of dailies are owned by the political parties, the Roman Catholic Church , and various economic groups. In general, the journalistic level of the Italian papers is high, and two dailies, Milan's Corriere della Sera and Turin's La Stampa , enjoy international respect.
The law provides for freedom of speech and the press, and the government is said to respect these rights in practice. Italian society abounds with organizations of every description. Many of these are associated with or controlled by political parties, which have their ideological counterparts in labor organizations, agricultural associations, cultural groups, sports clubs, and cooperatives. Among the most important organizations are the National Confederation of Smallholders and the General Confederation of Italian Industry, which strongly influences economic policy.
There are chambers of commerce in most major cities. There are labor and trade unions and professional associations representing a wide variety of occupations. A large number of professional organizations are dedicated to research and education in specialized fields of medicine or for particular diseases and conditions. Catholic Action and the Catholic Association of Italian Workers are the most prominent of the religious organizations.
The international religious Order of St. Augustine and the Society of Jesus Jesuits are based in Rome. A number of political and religious organizations sponsor youth chapters. Sports associations are plentiful and include such a variety of pastimes as tennis, badminton, tae kwon do, cricket, and football soccer. International organizations within the country include Amnesty International , Caritas, and the Red Cross. Among Italy's tourist attractions are the artistic and architectural treasures of Rome and Florence; the thousands of historic churches and galleries in smaller cities; the canals and palaces of Venice; the ruins of ancient Pompeii; the Shroud of Turin , reputed to be the burial cloth of Jesus; and the delicacies of northern Italian cooking, as well as the heartier fare of the south.
Tourists are also lured by Italy's many beaches and by excellent Alpine skiing. Italians enjoy a wide variety of sports, including football soccer , bowling, tennis, track and field, and swimming. Italy won the World Cup in soccer three times, in as host , , and Cortina d'Ampezzo, in the Dolomites, was the site of the Winter Olympics. Rome hosted the Summer Olympics in Turin was the host the Winter Olympics.
A valid passport is necessary to travel to Italy. For stays of up to 90 days a visa is not required. Within eight days all travelers must register with local police and obtain a visitor's permit. Proof of sufficient funds for the visit may also be required. Tourism, a major industry in Italy, brought in 39,, visitors in The Italian peninsula has been at the heart of Western cultural development at least since Roman times. Also prominent in Latin literature were the orator-rhetorician Marcus Tullius Cicero — 43 bc ; the satirists Gaius Petronius Arbiter d.
Gaius Julius Caesar ? The first of the Roman emperors was Octavian Gaius Octavianus, 63 bc — ad 14 , better known by the honorific Augustus. Moesia, ? No history of the Christian Church during the medieval period would be complete without mention of such men of Italian birth as St. Benedict of Nursia ? Gregory the Great, ? Francis of Assisi ? Anselm ? Thomas Aquinas — No land has made a greater contribution to the visual arts. During the 16th century, the High Renaissance, Rome shared with Florence the leading position in the world of the arts. Major masters included the architects Bramante Donato d'Agnolo, ?
Giorgio Vasari — 74 was a painter, architect, art historian, and critic. Among the leading artists of the Baroque period were the sculptor and architect Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini — and the painters Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio ? Leading figures in modern painting were Umberto Boccioni — , Amedeo Modigliani — , Giorgio di Chirico b. Greece, — , and Giorgio Morandi — A noted contemporary architect was Pier Luigi Nervi — Music, an integral part of Italian life, owes many of its forms as well as its language to Italy.
The musical staff was either invented or established by Guido d'Arezzo ? A leading 14th-century composer was the blind Florentine organist Francesco Landini — Leading composers of the High Renaissance and early Baroque periods were Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina — 94 ; the madrigalists Luca Marenzio — 99 and Carlo Gesualdo , prince of Venosa ? Important figures of the later Baroque era were Arcangelo Corelli — , Antonio Vivaldi — , Alessandro Scarlatti — , and his son Domenico Scarlatti — Italian-born Luigi Cherubini — was the central figure of French music in the Napoleonic era, while Antonio Salieri — and Gasparo Spontini — played important roles in the musical life of Vienna and Berlin , respectively.
Composers of the 19th century who made their period the great age of Italian opera were Gioacchino Antonio Rossini — , Gaetano Donizetti — , Vincenzo Bellini — 35 , and, above all, Giuseppe Verdi — More recent operatic composers include Ruggiero Leoncavallo — , Giacomo Puccini — , and Pietro Mascagni — Ferruccio Busoni — , Ottorino Respighi — , Luigi Dallapiccola — 75 , Luigi Nono , and Luciano Berio — are major 20th-century composers.
Arturo Toscanini — is generally regarded as one of the greatest operatic and orchestral conductors of his time; two noted contemporary conductors are Claudio Abbado b. Bartolommeo Cristofori — invented the pianoforte.
Italian literature and literary language began with Dante Alighieri — , author of The Divine Comedy , and subsequently included Petrarch Francesco Petrarca, — 74 , Giovanni Boccaccio — 75 , Lodovico Ariosto — , Pietro Aretino — , and Torquato Tasso — Due come sempre i concorsi, quello per lungometraggi aperto a opere prime e seconde di registi provenienti.
E poi ancora il festival Parklive con djset, cantautori e gruppi indie-rock, e il VerniXage che mixa al cinema l'arte contemporanea. Milano Film Festival: chi vuole adottare un regista? Arriveranno a Milano migliaia di operatori e registi, il Festival dura dieci giorni e dove. Sempione, Ex Bazzi a Lambrate. La raccolta delle stoviglie e dei All'interno della gamma di prodotto si possono trovare dalle posate ai bicchieri, piatti e altri accessori utili per l'organizzazione di un evento.
Testata iscritta al n. All Rights Reserved. Nel programma dell'edizione anche una rassegna in omaggio a Sylvain George e "Colpe di stato", dedicata al cinema politico. Warning: this comments plugin is operating in compatibility mode, but has no posts yet. Consider specifying an explicit 'href' as suggested in the comments plugin documentation to take advantage of all plugin features.
Milano Film Festival dal 5 al 15 Settembre la 18esima edizione Posted on 3 settembre by peppe Circa sono le opere presentate da tutto il mondo. In programma ci sono il C oncorso Lungometraggi, aperto solo a opere prime e seconde di registi provenienti da ogni parte del mondo, e il C oncorso Cortometraggi, riservato a registi under Film Site iStockphoto. Mostra del Cinema di Venezia apertura della 70esima edizione, streaming e app! Sono circa le opere presentate in arrivo da tutto il mondo. I direttori Alessandro Beretta e Vincenzo Rossini propongono per questa nuova edizione un festival particolarmente attento alle nuove produzioni e al cinema indipendente: tra coraggiose cinematografie internazionali, raramente visibili in sala, anteprime e incontri con i talenti emergenti sono circa le opere presentate in arrivo da tutto il mondo.
Fonte Agi. Lifestyle, design, tendenze, eventi, contest, visual art, illustrazione, advertising, animazione, fashion, trends, tentazioni e segnalazioni very cool by Red-made. A questi si aggiunge Banca Prossima, special project partner del festival, con il progetto Are you series?. Fra gli altri. A Band Called Death di Jeff Howlett e Mark Covino, riscoperta e rilettura a distanza, da parte dei figli, della musica di assoluta avanguardia dei genitori, a suo tempo incompresa e forse per questo abbandonata; Museum. Luca Trevisani presenta Frozen Flames, lo studio della sua prima opera cinematografica in via di definizione.
Il coraggio di indagare, scoprire, svelare e raccontare storie anche scomode. Ambientato nel , ai tempi del collasso finanziario di Singapore. Stato , realizzata in collaborazione con il magazine di approfondimento politico Internazionale. Una lunga festa dedicata al cinema. Documentata e raccontata da Sky Arte HD, partner della rassegna. Da 20mila euro allo zero assoluto. Felici, come pappagalli. Cosa ha di particolare questa edizione rispetto a quelle precedenti? ATP: Quali autori presenterai e con che opere?
Li rende protagonisti del film stesso. Tra le molte partecipazioni al progetto, quella suggestiva del padre della musica dub, Lee. ATP: Tre opere molto differenti, scelte per mettere a fuoco un tema coniugato in tre differenti tagli: la produzione, la distribuzione e la fruizione. Realizzato in esclusiva per questa occasione, pone fisicamente il pubblico nello spazio scenico, rende un rapporto organico tra immagini in movimento, performance musicale, elementi installativi, spazio ospitante e fruitore.
Un esempio ne sia la campagna di crowdfunding iniziata dagli Invernomuto per produrre una delle loro ultime produzioni. Come risolvere questo importante problema? Provo a condividere alcune riflessioni anche se non so se possano essere davvero risolutive. Se dal punto di vista linguistico ci sono sempre maggiori commistioni e scambi tra arte e cinema, il divario tra artisti e mondo del cinema rimane piuttosto ampio, soprattutto in termini di botteghino.
Di fondo credo che una buona via per un artista possa essere quella di declinare il lavoro filmico in qualcosa di materiale o. Annunci Google. EDN ecodellanotizia. Nata nel , la kermesse meneghina, organizzata dal gruppo Esterni, prosegue la linea adottata nelle precedenti edizioni, dedicandosi in particolare al cinema indipendente e ai talenti emergenti. In cartellone circa titoli, divisi in varie sezioni, che molto difficilmente verranno distribuiti nelle nostre sale. L'intervista al regista Glazer.
Del suo testimone Wiese mostra le braccia deformate dalle torture. Milano Film Festival 11 giorni di cinema, musica e incontri 04 settembre, - letture. Programma: film in concorso. Sezioni Parallele. Abbas; A Band Called Death di Jeff Howlett e Mark Covino, riscoperta e rilettura a distanza, da parte dei figli, della musica di assoluta avanguardia dei genitori, a suo tempo incompresa e forse per questo abbandonata;. Necesitas algo, nena? Luca Trevisani presenta Frozen Flames, lo studio della sua prima opera cinematografica in via di.
Invernomuto conferma il. Tra gli eventi musicali, anche il Milano. Il cinema legge il presente, scopre le differenze, pone domande e crea desideri. Un laboratorio per nuovi talenti e riscoperte che parte da qui. Per l'edizione del Milano Film Festival saranno presentate circa o p ere raramente visibili nelle sale tradizionali in quanto si vuole proprio dar spazio a talenti emergenti. Concorso cortometraggi riservato a registi under 40 IX edizione della rassegna Colpe di Stato, che indaga il sistema di potere nel mondo The Outsiders: fuori categoria che raccoglie anteprime ed eventi speciali Focus Animazione con la tradizionale maratona di corti al Parco Sempione Focus dedicato al cinema che racconta l'ambiente Milano film festivalino: dedicato ai bimbi Appuntamenti di musica con i concerti sul Sagrato, workshop e masterclass per professionisti e per il grande pubblico.
Scopri le soluzioni per far conoscere a tutti il tuo business in maniera unica. Ricco anche il programma collaterale che abbraccia arte, musica e performance. Un Festival che racchiude al suo interno numerose rassegne come quella di Concorso Internazionale Lungometraggi, quello dei Cortometraggi e la rassegna fuori concorso Colpe di Stato.
All'esterno ogni sera intrattenimento con i dj set del festival. Per la musica, oltre al sagrato dello Strehler, ecco i Parklive, osia concerti e dj-set in programma ogni sera al Parco Sempione. News Le caratteristiche del nuovo Android 4. Milano Film Festival tra cinema, musica e incontri Pubblicato il settembre 5th, da valentina.
Il programma prevede il consueto Concorso lungometraggi , aperto solo a opere prime e seconde di registi provenienti da ogni parte del mondo, e il tradizionale Concorso Cortometraggi, riservato invece a registi under 40, affiancati da sezioni fuori concorso, film in anteprima, ospiti, workshop ed eventi paralleli. Numerose le sezioni, a partire dal Concorso lungometraggi, poi il Concorso cortometraggi, la sezione Grandi speranze e The Platinum Collection.
Il tentativo di reagire al dolore ed alle violenze. Nel suo lavoro, testimonianze reali di ex prigionieri fuggiti ai campi di lavoro, nella Corea del Nord. Opere inedite, senza distribuzione e in anteprima. Il progetto permette a chi ospita un regista a casa propria non solo di conoscere da vicino i protagonisti indiscussi del festival, ma anche di avere accesso gratuito a tutti gli spazi e gli eventi del festival.
Cosa c'entra un Pappagallo con il cinema? Parole come crisi, razionalizzazione delle. Felici, come pappagalli". La guerra. Il Milano Film Festival compie 18 anni. Organizzato dal gruppo Esterni, il Milano Film Festival conferma le due sezioni competitive: quella dei lungometraggi, costituita da undici opere, e quella dei corti, riservata a registi under 40 provenienti da ogni parte del mondo. Oltre alle pellicole in programma tanti saranno gli eventi collaterali dalla musica, nella cornice suggestiva di Piazza del Cannone, nel cuore del Parco Sempione, fino ai workshop.
Ecco il programma completo del Milano Film Festival www. Undici giorni di cinema, musica e incontri con registi internazionali. Riproporremo i cortometraggi che hanno fatto la storia del festival, oppure lavori di registi arrivati al grande cinema. Tutte voci indipendenti ma dal percorso autoriale ben riconoscibile. E in diciotto anni sono cresciute voglia di fare e mezzi, per cui ormai rispetto agli inizi siamo su un altro pianeta. Il Milano Film Festival diventa maggiorenne proprio quest'anno e torna dal 5 al 15 Settembre ad animare il capoluogo lombardo!
Prodotto da Esterni, sotto la direzione artistica di Alessandro Beretta e Vincenzo Rossini, avremo il piacere di vedere nuove produzioni di talenti emergenti, raramente visibili in sala, tra incontri ed eventi, in un percorso artistico molto differente da quello tracciato dagli altri Festival. Il Festival si suddivide in varie categorie, potremo assaporare : undici lungometraggi in concorso; cinquantuno cortometraggi; Platinum Collection, cofanetto di meraviglie e sorprese vecchie e nuove; The Outsiders, tutti i film fuori concorso; la categoria Colpe di Stato, con i suoi nove documentari; Focus animazione, che torna anche quest'anno per stupire e divertire; Vernixage , arte contemporanea e cinema, un binomio tutto da scoprire.
Ovviamente accanto al Festival, vari eventi in teatri milanesi e il Parklive con musica dal vivo e dj set ogni sera al Parco Sempione ingresso libero. Bello il pappagallo scelto come simbolo sulle locandine del Festival; questo animale dada e anticonformista, ma allo stesso tempo classico e un po' bohemian, che ci ricorda i tempi passati ma che guarda verso il futuro… come dovrebbe fare il cinema!
Il programma del Festival si trova sul sito: www. Ci risiamo, il Milano Film Festival diventa ufficialmente maggiorenne. Alle A leggere la sinossi non tI aspetti tanto, pensi a un panetto di burro tristissimo da mangiare senza nemmeno un pezzetto di pane. Niente male per essere il suo primo lungometraggio. Giulia Colella. La madre Vanetia Maxine Peake si trova quindi a gestire i due figli, il marito malato e persino un ricercatore giunto dagli Stati Uniti Will Forte per studiare la riabilitazione del coniuge.
Molto meglio le discussioni serrate e divertenti tra i membri della famiglia che le lunghe pause riflessive dei protagonisti. Gli studenti che hanno lavorato alla produzione, con il tutor Carlo Arturo Sigon e le pubblicitarie Carlotta Tessarolo e Arianna Pregagnoli, racconteranno il percorso che ha portato alla realizzazione degli spot.
Qualche occhiaia, movimenti lenti e ovattati. Si vede che molti di voi ieri sera hanno fatto tardi! Concerti sabato 7 settembre Dalle Il cinema? Ci sono particolari esperienze infantili che, come un bumerang, continuano a tornarci in mente; sensazioni, attimi o ricordi che non ci abbandonano mai immagazzinandosi nel nostro cervello per sempre.
Fino a tre m esi fa non ti conoscevam o ancora. Eri pronta a tutto questo successo? Assolutamente no. C on una canzone del g enere, com e facevi a non aspettarti attenzioni? Una bella scoperta. Fino al 15 settembre, e per la 18esima volta, il Milano Film Fes tival chiude il fitto programma di manifestazioni estive del capoluogo meneghino. Il festival si riconferma attento alle nuove produzioni e al c inema indipendente, tracciando un percorso tra cinematografie internazionali raramente visibili in sala ed incontri con i talenti emergenti. Degli 11 lungometraggi in programma, 8 sono girati da registe donne.
Tra i film. Da segnalare la presenza della partnership con Spotify che ospita le colonne sonore dei film le playlist dei Dj. Aggiungi un commento Diretto da Richard Rowley, parte da un raid delle forze armate Usa da cui emerge l'esistenza di un corpo segreto e potentissimo, composto da militari che rispondono solo alla Casa bianca. E misterioso.
Non mancate! Tags: andrew ramone, el santo, Il Topo Che Stava Nel Mio Muro, lamusicarock, live, mff, milano film festival, parklive, roberto angelini. Dove sperimentare, provare, rischiare e infine emozionare. Tre titoli, due dei quali in anteprima assoluta. Un implicito filo conduttore, quello del gusto per la documentaristica, che fotografa una tendenza a livello diffuso.
Austerity Measures. Un impressionante lavoro di ricerca, accurato e minuzioso, per costruire quello che appare come il ritratto collettivo della nostra epoca. Questa volta un topo e una gatta cercheranno di ritrovare il loro equilibrio di coppia dopo anni di litigi. Utilizzando materiali di archivio, soprattutto partecipazioni televisive, e interviste dirette a Vidal e vari suoi amici Wrathall compone il ritratto preciso di un libero pensatore che sa usare il linguaggio come arma di grande precisione. Cineblo Click C Ecoblog. Arte, replica. The Girl era un piccolo film suggestivo che osservava il mondo degli adulti attraverso lo sguardo infantile, miscelando momenti di sospensione fiabesca, ad un teso realismo horror, merito anche della fotografia di Hoyte van Hoytema Lasciami Entrare.
La Religiosa di Guillaume Nicloux In trance di Danny Boyle: im-materi Spazio Ad. A lady in paris a ottobre il Blu Ray 20 ago at pm. Passion Exerience Tour". Sotto palco con il Milano Film Festival! Mi piace. Shin Dong-. Nessuno me lo aveva insegnato: quello che mi insegnavano era ad obbedire ai guardiani, se non volevo essere punito. I due dirigenti spiegano nel film che in Corea del Nord si. I due raccontano per esempio che per loro era possibile avere tutte le donne del campo che desideravano. E se le prigioniere rimanevano incinte, erano loro stessi a eliminarle.
Per un caso del destino, oggi Shin Dong vive a Seul proprio come i suoi due aguzzini. Gli ultimi commenti Commenta questo articolo Ambientato nella campagna irlandese, il film racconta della forza di una donna, Venetia, che deve reinventarsi e mettersi alla prova di fronte ad una situazione spesso insostenibile determinata dal ritorno a casa del marito Conor dopo un ictus.
Sul set hanno lavorato in parte seguendo il copione e in parte improvvisando, anche per capire come avrebbero risposto gli uni agli altri, sviluppando in questo modo un ottimo rapporto di fiducia. Poi sono stati introdotti tutti gli altri personaggi, in primis i bambini e poi tutti gli altri. L'Alaska ti aspetta". O forse una sorpresa. Nel tanti miei amici avevano risposto a un annuncio simile a quello che vediamo nell'incipit e ho deciso di riproporlo come punto di partenza del film: al salone del pesce di Bruxelles ho preso conta tti con un'azienda.
Ci siamo trovati di fronte a una rabbia e a una disperazione che non immaginavamo. Nella scelta dei protagonisti ci ha guidato l'intuito. Ognun o di loro ha delle ferite nascoste, mi interessava capire chi sarebbe arrivato fino in fondo e per quale motivo. No, non le definirei recitate. Ho usato un metodo simile anche nei momenti in cui i personaggi si fanno delle confessioni e si raccontano il proprio passato. E il momento del vostro arrivo in Alaska? L'azienda purtroppo aveva avuto dei gravi problemi, due marinai erano morti in un incidente e si sono rifiutati di farci entrare nei loro spazi con le telecamere.
Come hai lavorato con la tua montatrice Danielle Anezin per definire il percorso narrativo? Se si fa attenzione, si nota subito la presenza di piccoli elementi di raccordo — ad esempio uno dei personaggi ripreso mentre sale sul tram — che sono stati evidentemente filmati apposta, in un secondo momento, proprio per venire incontro ad esigenze di sceneggiatura. Semmai, abbiamo applicato una scrittura a posteriori, al momento del montaggio. Del resto io vengo dal teatro, amo avere una visione drammaturgica degli eventi anche quando faccio cinema. Eppure quella donna, per il suo Bergamo aspetto, per l'abbigliamente, per il contesto in cui si trova, in un film muto, ci appare verissima.