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Powell, reiterated this week. Trump has said the Fed should cut rates, and Vice President Mike Pence made the argument again on Friday, citing low inflation. But Mr.

Okun's Law: Economic Growth And Unemployment

Powell and his colleagues have repeatedly said they will not be swayed by political considerations. He also said recent employment gains appeared to be sustainable and were not a sign of an overheating economy. As recently as the start of this year, investors were worried that the economy could falter because of headwinds like a slowdown in Europe, the trade war with China and Brexit.

This report should put those fears to bed — at least for the time being. Despite the bright picture over all, there were pockets of weakness. Retail employment fell for the third month in a row as stores closed because consumers are increasingly shopping on the internet. There was also a big drop in the number of people who said they were looking for work. The labor-force participation rate, which measures the share of those 16 and older who are employed or seeking work, sank to That helped reduce the unemployment rate to the lowest level since December Gapen said. The professional and business services sector led the pack in growth, adding 76, positions.

Diane Swonk, chief economist at Grant Thornton, said the white-collar hiring reflected the adoption of new technologies in workplaces. Swonk said. Actual GDP fell below potential in recessions and temporarily rose above it in booms. The Great Recession created an unusually large and long-lasting gap between actual and potential GDP. The chart is constructed so that a straight line represents a constant growth rate, with a steeper slope representing a higher growth rate.

Job losses in the Great Recession were huge, and it took much longer than in previous recessions simply to get back to the level of payroll employment at the start of the recession.


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Employers did not begin to add jobs until Progress erasing the jobs deficit was slow for some time, but by mid the economy had recovered the 8. Nonfarm payroll employment was 6. The unemployment rate rose far higher than in the previous two recessions and far faster than though not quite as high as in the deep recession.

Why is GDP Growth Higher than the Unemployment Rate?

Technically, the recession ended in June as the economy began growing again, but the unemployment rate did not fall to 5. It reached 4. The relatively modest pace of job growth relative to the size of the job losses in the first years of the recovery kept the unemployment rate high long after the end of the recession. This is similar to what happened in the previous two recessions and does not resemble the fairly rapid decline that followed the severe recession. The unemployment rate at the end of was much lower than it was early in the recovery, but indications remained that there were still people who were not working but wanted to be and people who would have liked to be working full time but could only find part-time jobs who could be pulled back into the labor market or get the hours they wanted if job creation remained strong.

Extension - Purdue Extension

The sharp rise in the unemployment rate and discouragement over the prospects of finding a job caused a decline in the percentage of the population in the labor force those either working or looking for work, known as the labor force participation rate. As a result of rising unemployment and declining labor force participation, the percentage of the population with a job fell sharply in the recession and stayed low through much of the recovery. It began to move up in and as rising employment offset still-falling labor force participation.

The labor force participation rate averaged The employment-to-population ratio shown in the chart is for those aged 16 and older and includes an increasing number of retired baby boomers. Of these, 5. Now in case you don't want to check those calculations, let's make it easy. Let's go to January of At that time there were about million people in the labor force. The unemployment rate was 6.

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