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This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless. No institutional affiliation. LOG IN. In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: West Africa. General Doucet , S. Paris L' Harmattan pp. Google Scholar. Moritz , M. Canadian journal of African studies 40 1 Google Scholar. Newton , R. Research in African literatures 37 2 Google Scholar. Roitman , J. Item No. Tekpetey , K. Agriculture Life course analysis and biographical research.

An introduction. During the last decades life course analysis and biographical research have become a central method for studying individualization in dynamic societies. In this textbook for teaching, individual study, and practice, important theories in this field are discussed, like generation, age, biography, and institutionalization. Also, there are exercises for application. Working-Class authoritarianism und die Wahl rechtspopulistischer Parteien. Keywords : right-wing populism , populism and authoritarianism , parties and authoritarianism , voting behavior , workers , authoritarianism , workingclass authoritarianism , Lipset, S.

Working-Class authoritarianism and the vote for right-wing populist parties. An empirical analysis for five West European countries. May the often stated over-representation of workers in the electorates of right-wing populist parties in Western Europe be explained by the so-called "working-class authoritarianism"-thesis by S. Following this thesis, there are specific socialisation and deprivation experiences in the social situation of the working-class, favouring the development of authoritarian traits and making class-members more susceptible to authoritarian parties.

On the basis of the European Social Survey of the thesis is tested empirically by using the Goldthorpe class scheme and two measures of authoritarianism. It is shown that workers are more inclined to vote for right-wing populist parties and have higher levels of authoritarianism. Furthermore, persons with high levels of authoritarianism are more likely to vote for such parties. The authors conclude that disproportionately high shares of votes for right-wing populist parties from the working-class are, indeed, mediated by authoritarianism.

In addition to this, class affiliation has an independent effect on voting behaviour. Finally, it is found that authoritarianism has an even stronger impact on the vote for right-wing populist parties in the service class and the class of routine non-manual workers, though being less frequent there. Die dramatische Kehrseite der Individualisierung. Keywords : individualization , social vs. An anthropological revolution - and its totalitarian dynamic. The dramatic reverse side of individualization. In the reversal of the traditional dominance of the Social in favor of the individual person the anthropological dimension of the bourgeois revolution shows.

This task seems to be extreme, unbearable, and impossible.

Bibliography in: Workers of the World

The author thinks that the modern individual, in situations of crisis - as in the 20th century -, would frequently escape into self-subjugation, especially extreme, totalitarian forms. Keywords : ethnicity and migration , migration and ethnicity , intercultural work , minorities , state , glocal , multiculturalism. Ethnicity and migration. Introduction to the discipline and areas of work. The topics of ethnicity and migration are dealt with through the specializations of the various authors in this volume, and the editor of the book regards ethnicity and migration as topics of central importance having influence on theorizing and methodology.

The papers thus provide basic knowledge for central research perspectives and professions. Zur politischen Konstruktion von Minderheiten in der deutschen Geschichte [State, nation, and migration. On the political construction of minorities in German history]. Die Praxis der Ethnisierung im Alltag der Einwanderungsgesellschaft [Ascriptions of others - self-positionings. The practice of ethnization in the everyday life of immigrant society]. Essays aus der Welt der Zeichen. Keywords : semiotics , signs. Semiotic wanderings. Essays from the world of signs. Signs are omnipresent. Schmauks opines that while texts, paintings, rituals have been frequently researched, other object types were rarely analyzed semiotically.

So these 44 short essays on various essays are an eyeopener, increasing or creating sensitivity for the semiotic gaze in a practical, example-focused way. Regulierung der Kulturberufe in Deutschland. Strukturen, Akteure, Strategien. Keywords : professions of culture , free-lance cultural work , artists in Germany , social conditions for artists , authors and artists , cultural professions. Regulating cultural professions in Germany. Structures, actors, strategies. Cultural professions are considered as forerunners in the job field of knowledge and information societies.

Although free-lance jobs in this area have a long tradition in Germany, but the framework and preconditions to work free-lance nowadays have clearly changed due to economization of the culture and media sector. So the question of the range of economic, political structures and strategies arises which govern - and should enable - professional autonomy and personal responsibility in this field.

Schnell develops a concept of individual professionalization which employs the appropriation and development of actorial resources as a dynamic process of the integration of structure and action. She analyzes benefits and limits of regulation, e. Keywords : dreaming , night , anthropology of night , wakeful state.

This paper concerns a phenomenon or activity that is typically associated with th night; dreams or dreaming. This paper is not concerned with these, though ultimately it deals with the day, inasmuch as it deals with the night I would like to investigate the complex interdependencies and mutual influences of night-time dreams and waking life. Keywords : anthropology of night , night and anthropology. This means Indeed, anthropologists have everywhere, at all times, also investigated phenomena associated with the night. As yet, however, relatively few enquiries into nightly proceedings and phenomena per se appear to have been conducted, no systematic studies or volumes bringing together different aspects of the investigation of the night Keywords : Derrida, J.

Derrida an Egyptian. On the problem of the Jewish pyramid. Borkenau, R. Debray, Hegel, and B. He would be completely forgotten from the day of his death; and 2. These two perhaps contradicting attitudes existed side by side in Derrida, and Sloterdijk interprets them as an expressive dimension in Derrida hinting at his philosophy - it may be a self-description approximating the quality of a metaphysical statement.

Keywords : human rights , globalization , indigenous peoples and rights. Indigenous peoples and human rights in the global age. The author starts with early approaches of the first half of the 20th century, including R. Redfield, and continues by alluding to attempts at definitions of what is a people, and some developments of the topic in the following decades, activities of the UN etc. Die gezeigte und die verborgene Kultur.

Keywords : hidden culture , displayed and hidden culture , taboo , language , Shiite strategies , belief protection , shame and theater , theater , action and statement , statement and action , sorcery , magic , Babylon. Visible and hidden culture. The papers of this book are based on a series of lectures at the University of Leipzig in - dealing with the many dimensions of culture as understood and used in various disciplines. Keywords : Thiel, J. Via mission to anthropology. This autobiographical account relates how Thiel became a missionary SVD - Societas Verbi Divini and an anthropologist, which is intertwined with humanitarian work and details of his work in Africa, later his teaching as an anthropologist in Frankfurt and as a museologist.

Keywords : Boas, F. Remembering Franz Boas This article stresses the point that Boas, the co- founder of American Anthropology at the end of the 19th century already raises questions, which initiate the "Cultural Turn" in anthropology and the transformation of the Humanities into Cultural Sciences Boas developed his own scientific as well as ethical and philosophical views and methods influenced by the ideas of Humboldt, Kant, and Cassirer.

He abandoned an essentialist concept of culture and anticipated the affinity of racism and evolutionism rejecting the notion of an universalistic cultural evolution particularly if the evolutionary progress is based on the idea of race and consequently the denial of individuality. Eine Kritik des Aneignungs-konzepts - nicht nur im Hinblick auf den Verlauf von Mikro-kreditprojekten.

Keywords : globalization , agency , appropriation , glocalization , culture concept , heterogeneous culture , essentialism , functionalism , diffusion processes , bricolage. The return of cultural harmony. A critique of the concept of appropriation. Recently the concept of ,appropriation" has gained some importance in ongoing discussions on globalization, providing a means of emphasizing the agency of those involved in processes of cultural diffusion. The key assumption underlying this perspective is that goods, ideas or practices spreading around the world are not just absorbed by those confronted with them, but are remodeled and modified according to local cultural conditions.

It is the aim of the paper to critically discuss this idea of appropriation as a practice of cultural contextualization. By assuming, I argue, that innovations are adjusted according to local cultural contexts, the concept of appropriation sharply contrasts the local with the foreign, in this way presupposing an image of culture as a coherent set of beliefs and practices that is unduly harmonious.

Thus, to approach globalization by way of focusing on processes of cultural appropriation implies and evokes not only an essentialist, but also a systemic, closed, hence functionalist notion of culture that doesn't do justice neither to the complexity of cultural diffusion, nor to human life in general.

The way in which the population of a small Sahelian village in Southern Niger dealt with the money supplied by a microfinance development project provides a good example for illustrating these theoretical constellations. For here comes to light what applies for processes of cultural diffusion in general: That the focus on agency inherent to the concept of appropriation, is too narrow to match the actual complexity of diffusion processes, since it pays too little tribute to determining contexts - other than the notion of bricolage , which seems much more suitable in this respect. Metamorphosen des Signifikanten.

Keywords : body image , subject and reality , psychoanalysis , narcissism , Lacan, J. Metamorphoses of the significant. On the meaning of the body image for the reality of the subject. He defines language as fathomless, opposite of which are body images, which originate in the Other of the reflexion spiegelbild in which the growing subject discovers himself. Salve Bakkalaureus. Keywords : Bachelor course Germany , anthropology curriculum. Salve Baccalaureus. Concept and perception of the Bachelor course in anthropology at Halle. Perceptions and reactions regarding the new Bachelor undergraduate course system of students, based on a questionnaire, is topic of this report.

The results show a moderately good state of affairs. Keywords : war , traveling , tolerance , women , feminism. The individual issues deal with the following topics:. Wie wir reisen [On the road. How we travel]. Keywords : online public sphere , public spheres , media research , empirical online research.

So far, research of online public spheres has mainly been carried out as an online version of offline public spheres. The possibilities of the new medium to create new and Internet-specific forms of a public sphere have been ignored both on the theoretical and empirical level. In this article, I propose an approach that allows for the conceptual ization of new forms of online public spheres. It takes the Internet user, the providers of web sites and the structural specificities of the Internet into account. The main thrust of the article is the question as to where the Internet provides public spheres that fulfill functions similar to their offline siblings yet are characterized by an Internet-specific quality.

Taking the case of online public spheres that are created by search engines, it can be illustrated how sphere may be analyzed empirically. In order to be able to judge their potential, online public spheres are compared with printed mass media. In a final reflection, I propose a theoretical framework that could be fruitful for the explanatory interpretation of the patterns found in the empirical analysis.

Magie und Medizin. Frobenius-Vorlesung Keywords : magic and medicine , medicine and magic , healing and medicine , alternative healing. Magic and medicine. Frobenius Lecture Zinser starts by focusing on bio-medicine and alternative healing as notions of combat, then on magic in the history of religions and in anthropology, then in alternative healing, followed by individual and collective religious actions, and exlusion of the respective other notion of combat. Familienwandel in Afrika. Keywords : family in Africa , colonialism and family , postcolonialism , globalization. Family change in Africa.

An overview of research. The authors concentrate on changes during colonialism, and post-colonialism sociological research on elites , neo-Marxism, research on women and gender, new kinship research in the s, and the family in times of globalization. Of undreamed-of influences of the fieldworker.

Experiences from South Africa. Artus interviewed a number of people and reports about their sensibilities to talk about their illness. Verfassungs- und Wahl-rechtsreformen in Algerien, Tunesien und Marokko zwischen und Keywords : authoritarian rule , Maghreb states and politics , elites in Maghreb , elections in Maghreb , reforms in Maghreb , power in Maghreb , rule in Maghreb. Reform of authoritarian rule in North Africa. Reforms of constitution and election laws in Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco between and Transition research has granted well-founded insights into the preconditions, the course, and conditions for the success of democratic system change.

But little is known about the mechanisms of change within authoritarian systems. Using the case of the three Maghreb countries the author presents a detailed introduction to the variety of constitutional and electoral instruments which are used by the elites to modify and change dimensions of their authoritarian regimes. According to the author the present framework of analysis can be applied to other states of Africa, Asia, and the Near East as well. Geschichte und Dynamiken des Wandels vom Ende des Jahrhunderts bis zur Gegenwart.

Keywords : clothing and culture , garments and culture , change and clothing , ritual sphere and clothing , colonialism. Clothing and clothing practices in the Northern Ivory Coast. History and dynamics of change from the end of the 19th century to the present. Why do handwoven textiles in West Africa more and more disappear in everyday usage, and why are they kept in ritual-ceremonial contexts? The book is on history and change of garments and focuses on the textile artisans and traders of the Muslim Dyula and their relations with other groups of society.

It also has a focus on the actors and their practices regarding clothing in various contexts of action. The author identifies several 'garmental' spheres each of which are governed by singular dynamics of change and interaction. The book is based on historical sources and fieldwork in Southern Burkina Faso. Bauer starts with a theoretical and methodological part and then introduces the Dyala, their history and society. The last chapters deal with garments in the ritual sphere, and in everyday situations after independence.

Keywords : Dafur Conflict , conflict , war , violence. The border region between Chad and Sudan has a particular history and importance in the development not only of the government and people in Chad. As of September , the war in Sudan's western Darfur region on the border with Chad has been raging for more than three years with over , Sudanese citizens living in Chadian refugee camps and more than two million displaced in Darfur.

This article will begin by attempting to disentangle the complex historical connections as well as the intertwined relations between the present governments of Chad, Sudan, and others, in order to develop a frame for understanding the actors' perspectives in recent violent developments in the border region.

The second part will focus on the local border groups mired in a cycle of violence that keeps returning to the forefront of the regional conflict. Islam und Entwicklung in Afrika. Islam and development in Africa. Points of departure for development cooperation]. Afrika Spectrum Keywords : Pentecostal Churches , Valentine's Day , change in Ghana , youth and Pentecostalism , sexualized spheres , premarital relationships. In the past five years, Valentine's Day has been celebrated in Ghana by young people in the public sphere. This opened up public discussions giving insights into changes of youth and childhood in postcolonial Ghana: The celebrations are closely connected with the arrival of new goods and communication technologies which have been used by young people since the turn of the millennium.

The media and Pentecostal Churches create a sexualised public, with 'the youth' as a centre of interest. Schools not only prolong childhood, creating a gap between young people's sexual maturity and their entry into reproductive life, but also offer a sexualised sphere outside their parents' control. Despite these complex changes, young people and their parents keep to customary forms of premarital relationships, in which modes of intergenerational communication are marked by silence and secrets about sexual friendships.

Kommunikationsprozesse zwischen Produktion und Rezeption in der Lissabonner Diaspora. Spektrum Communication processes between production and reception in the Lisbon diaspora. This kind of music, implicit or explicit, depicts the two realms as intimately connected, and one may ask which social dynamics result from it on the level of the societal discourse on politics. While the musicians point to grievances, listeners value their emotionality and proximity to reality. The appendix has some 30 pages of song texts, in original and German translation. Politischer Islam in Westafrika. Eine Bestandsaufnahme.

Afrikanische Studien Political Islam in West Africa. A stocktaking. The long way home. Contemplations of Southern Sudanese refugees in Uganda. Keywords : refugees , peace treaties , ethnic groups , repatriation , exile , state-refugee relations. Following the signature of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the Governments of Northern and Southern Sudan, peace has officially been concluded.

But does that necessarily mean that refugees want to return to their home country? How do they determine their decisions and what do they expect from the post-conflict era? Based on extended field research in the Rhino Camp Settlement in Northern Uganda and in the town of Yei in Southern Sudan these questions are being addressed. The focus is on the individuality of each refugee while, at the same time, official responses and policies are being considered and challenged.

Democracy, decentralisation and poverty reduction in Malawi. Keywords : democracy , decentralisation , poverty reduction , reforms and poverty , decentralization , empowerment , participation. The overall objective of this study was to examine the politics of poverty reduction in the context of political and administrative reforms. The specific objectives of the study include the following:. While this [first] chapter introduces the scope and focus of the study, chapter two presents a review of literature both at conceptual and empirical levels about the relationships between democracy, decentralisation and poverty reduction.

It also sets out the conceptual framework within which the politics of poverty reduction is investigated. Chapter three presents the political economy setting of the country focusing on the political, economic and policy developments since independence in specifically highlighting their implications for the poverty reduction agenda, which has been at the centre of Malawi's development strategy since the turn of the s. Chapter four discusses the history and the evolution of the decentralisation policy reforms in Malawi. While three distinct phases are identified, particular attention is paid to the current phase of the decentralization policy reforms.

The features of the decentralisation policy and the l. Chapter five is divided into two major parts. The first part evaluates how the legal and institutional frameworks have influenced and impacted on the implementation and institutionalisation of the decentralisation policy reforms. The deficiencies and constraints of the legal and institutional frameworks are noted and their implications highlighted Chapter six assesses the status of District Assemblies DAs as the main implementation agencies of the decentralisation policy reforms Chapter seven discusses the views and perceptions of the grassroots about poverty, participation and civic competence within the framework of the decentralisation policy reforms It concludes with the assessment of factors affecting grassroots participation in development projects prompted by the rather instrumental imagery of the decentralisation policy reforms championed by stakeholders both at national and DA levels.

Chapter eight focuses on the interface between traditional and modern leadership institutions in the implementation and institutionalisation of the decentralisation policy reforms paying particular attention to the inherent tension between them Finally, chapter nine summarises and concludes the study with some indications of directions for future research. German-African research co-operation: practices, problems and policies. Keywords : higher education , research co-operation , foreign aid , development aid , co-operation in research , academic cooperation. This paper provides some insights into the policies, practices and problems of German-African co-operation in research projects conducted in Africa.

Differences in interests, knowledge domains and competences, in economic, social and political situations, a lack of awareness thereof, power imbalances and a lack of management skills can severely impede a fruitful co-operation. These factors are compounded by institutional constraints in the German academic sector.

Germany seems to be conspicuously absent as a participant in international debates and development policies of research co-operation between countries of the North and the South. Research funding policies are at great variance with the complex realities particularly in African countries. A critical analysis of policies and practices of research co-operation elsewhere could contribute to a revision of some of the current policies of research funding organisations in Germany.

Lokale und internationale Perspektiven. Keywords : story-tellers , narrators , Kanuri storytellers. Professional narrators among the Kanuri of the Chad Lake area Nigeria. Local and international perspectives. Geider focuses on the specific type of professional Kanuri narration and begins with the status of the narrator and his training, followed by the structure of his performance. He also deals with what is being narrated, and what the difference is regarding everyday story-tellers in families.

Furthermore: what does professionalization do to the performance of his narration, and the influence of modernity. Comparative aspects deal with the origin of the narrator, and the transethnic distribution of narrative topics. Pastoral Morocco. Globalizing scapes of mobility and insecurity. Nomaden und Sesshafte 7. Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag Keywords : pastoralism , nomadism , sedentarism , agro-pastoralism , neoliberalism , environmentalism , restructuring agriculture , animal husbandry. Pastoral Morocco explores the mobility of people and livestock in the context of neo-liberal globalization.

Mobility is defined as a strategy to maintain and enhance access to resources, and hence comprehended as a stratgegy of pastoralists to cope with insecurity and new risks. Pastoral livelihoods in Morocco are, as the authors point out, increasingly shaped by processes unfolding outside the realm of animal production, for instance by dynamics of labor migration, changing property rights, and new means of communication.

This volume examines local consequences of agro-pastoral restructuring. It investigates, for example, the invention of pastoral cooperatives, analyzes territorial changes triggered by urbanization and new spaces of enterprises, assesses the importance of cross border trade and sheep-commodity chaings, scrutinizes the complexity and vulnerability of livelihood portfolios and it ultimately inquires the genealogy of conflicts over pastures. Pastoral Morocco draws on intensive empirical fieldwork and captures the regional diversities of the country.

Sona Jobarteh & Band - Kora Music from West Africa

It is the first English language volume that combines Moroccan and European expertise about the changing world of mobility and insecurity that Moroccan pastoralists inhabit. The significance of resources. Keywords : San , bushmen , hunter-gatherers , revisionism debate , cultural ecology. The field of hunting-gathering studies has been a contentious branch of anthropology since its inception two centuries back.

The article reviews the developments of the field through two generations of researchers, from the s to s, when an ecological paradigm prevailed, to the present generation. The latter largely in reaction to the excessively static and materialist orientation of the previous approach, has turned towards modes of analysis of foraging - or, today, largely "post foraging" - societies that are either historical or hermeneutical or symbolic, as well as "revisionist" giving to the field its latest bout of contentiousness. While drawing on research on hunter-gatherers globally, the article is focused predominantly on the San, a hunter-gatherer group of paradigmatic significance in hunter-gatherer studies.

Fossil fuels, oil companies, and indigenous peoples. Strategies of multinational oil companies, states, and ethnic minorities. Impact on environment, livelihoods, and cultural change. Action anthropology 1. Keywords : oil companies , action anthropology , environment , habitat destruction , resistence. Global public awareness of the devastating impact of oil extraction on local communities has grown considerably in recent years, due in large part to Ken Saro-Wiwa's work on behalf of the Ogoni in south-eastern Nigeria and his death in at the hands of Nigeria's military dictatorship.

This volume consists of eight case-studies, all of them attempting to answer these questions: What can indigenous people do when faced with the destruction of their natural and social habitats? And how do oil companies respond to the various forms of local and indigenous resistance to their activities?

The eight case studies deal with oil-producing regions in Alaska, Ecuador, Venezuela, Peru, Colombia, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea andwest Siberia and encompass 18 indigenous population groups. Global responsibility - local agenda. The legitimacy of modern self-determination and African traditional authority. Keywords : globalization , local and global , responsibility and globalization , self-determination , traditional culture and globalization , power and legitimacy , legitimacy and globalization.

Yet, there is confusion about the role and functioning of such decentral structures as well as about sustainable political approaches to the top down transfer of government power in the context of local agendas. The book highlights major aspects of the legitimacy of local power as presented by modern self-government structures as well as traditional communal authorities. Although the main focus is placed on Southern Africa Namibia, South Africa, Botswana , examples from other regions Ghana, Democratic Republic of the Congo are also put into perspective.

Contributors: B. Benzing, Th. Gatter, G. Hilliges, M. Hinz, H. Kammerer-Grothaus, B. Katjaerua, E. Okupa, N. Olivier, B. Oomen, H. Patemann, D. Quintem, D. Schefold, G. Stuby, G. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung Hoff wants to continue work started by the linguists W. Bleek and L. Ein Leben mit afrikanischen Sprachen.

Keywords : Jungraithmayr, H. A life with African languages. This is the first part of a detailed autobiographical account from first beginnings parents etc. Keywords : migrants , family relations of migrants , babies of migrants. Many young Nigerian women's main reason for migrating to Europe lies in the desire to support their families back home in Nigeria. For those who travel to Europe overland it means being on the road for months or even several years. In this transitional stage, new relationships - often highly provisional - develop, and many migrants get pregnant.

Although their unborn children are often not the result of relationships based on mutual consent nor planned, they nonetheless may play a crucial role in being able to continue the journey: These days they represent a kind of protection and 'papers' and, thereby, reduce the risk for their mothers of being deported. Being mostly single mothers, soon after reaching Europe the young women take on the role of double breadwinners: On the one hand, they have to provide for their children who were born on the road or in the country of destination, on the other hand, they have to support their families in Nigeria.


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  • In analysing these new forms of family relationships that span from the country of origin to the transit country and the provisional destination country, the author also contributes to research on the dynamics of family structures in the context of migration. Mit den Mythen denken. Die Mythen der Burji als Ausdrucksformen ihres Habitus. Ethnologie Euro Keywords : Burji , value systems , discourse analysis , interpretation , Bourdieu, P. Thinking with the myths. The myths of the Burji as expressions of their habitus. This book tries to arrive at a deeper understanding of Burji culture Ethiopia and Kenya and their value systems through their myths.

    The myths are not expressly dogmatic regarding their world view but display models of thought that can be interpreted variably. The author shows how a narrative or its situation evokes certain thoughts, and how these structure further cognition or modes of action. Texts that have been recorded in the original language are analyzed according to a method that combines hermeneutic and performative approaches and Bourdieu's theory of practice.

    The basis for analysing the way in which Burji use their myths as a reflexive medium are 16 'myths' or 'historical narratives' which the Burji categorize as mammaahoo. Vatiants of two myth complexes were selected for the analysis: eight variants of the Liban tradition which is about the ethnogenesis of the Burji, and eight variants revolving around the clan re- founder Yaayya. Both mythical traditions are still deeply rooted in the minds of the Burji. They can be seen as 'key cultural texts' When Burji 'think with the help of their myths,' they put their reality of life in a larger context and try to understand it by relating it to their transmitted culture and social order set up by the ancestors.

    Since daily life is transcended in the myth, the latter can give new impetus to everyday practice, inspire ideas on how to practically and cognitively cope with problems and inconsistencies of human existence. Afrikanische Soldaten aus deutscher Sicht seit Stereotype, Vorurteile, Feindbilder und Rassismus.

    Afrika und Europa. Koloniale und postkoloniale Begegnungen 4. Keywords : soldiers and stereotypes , stereotypes about soldiers , colonialism and stereotypes , racism and soldiers. African soldiers from a German perspective since Stereotypes, prejudice, projections of enemies, and racism.

    Historically generated judgments about other peoples are one basis for modern everyday racism. Patterns of perception discovered by this method are grouped in six stereotypical complexes - adventurous, despised, belittling, sexualizing, ruthless etc.

    Bibliography

    And all of these negative stereotypes hardly vary in the different sections and classes of German society and religious and political groups. The findings also show that these stereotypes exist even today, that is, they prove to be very durable. So, the identification of traditional patterns of perception is an important contribution to researching modern forms of racism. Keywords : tradition , law , legitimacy , chieftaincy , Christianity , revitalization , Akyem Abuakwa kingdom , Presbyterian Church , normative practice , Ohum Festival , Basel missionaries.

    Palace customs versus missionary rights: Contesting plural traditions and souvereignties during the Ohum festival controversy in Kyebi Ghana. Palace customs and missionary rights are at the core of what can be discerned as a revitalisation of tradition in Kyebi, the capital of the Akyem Abuakwa kingdom in southern Ghana. Both have been subject to fervent debates between the local chiefs' palace and the Presbyterian Church and were labelled by the institutions as their respective tradition.

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    Claimed as a set of legal instruments and normative practices, the two traditions were displayed in a conflict which surrounded the celebration of the Ohum festival and the implementation of particular regulations by the palace. The latter was strongly objected by the church which saw her legal immunity seriously breached, one allegedly gained by the Basel missionaries for the early Kyebi Christians. Both, palace and church, are therefore caught in a sort of traditional pluralism creating a framework in which sovereignties are challenged and discursively negotiated.